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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)


adjective allied, amalgamated, associated, coalitional, collaborative, collective, combined, common, communal, communis, community, concerted, concurrent, confederate, conjoint, conjugate, conjunct, consolidated, cooperative, coordinated, corporate, correal, harmonious, inseparable, joined, leagued, merged, mixed, mutual, shared, synergetic, unified, united
Associated concepts: joint account, joint action, joint advennure, joint and several liability, joint enterprise, joint interrst, joint liability, joint negligence, joint ownership, joint resolution, joint tenancy, joint tort feasors
See also: collective, common, concerted, concomitant, concordant, concurrent, conjoint, connection, consensual, federal, intersection, mutual, united

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

References in periodicals archive ?
Unilateral facet joint injuries are uncommon and represent approximately 6% of all cervical spine injuries.
Localization of substance P and neurofilament immunoreactIve fibers in the lumbar facet joint capsule and supraspinous ligament of the rabbit.
In the lumbar spine, the facet joints are oriented in the sagittal plane.
No vertebral artery injury was detected in patients who had facet joint subluxations.
The deterioration of facet joints can result in considerable back pain.
Most cases are associated with facet joint osteoarthritis and degenerative spondylolisthesis, but there is no correlation with age, gender, or degree of disc degeneration.
Acupuncture, facet joint injections and caudal epidural injections have all been prescribed in Coventry as pain management for back pain.
Furthermore, the cephalad screws of a pedicle screw plate or rod construct may cause mechanical compromise of the facet joint above the fused level.
I had a scan in Melbourne, and once that showed it was irritation in the facet joint, I was pretty confident it would settle down.
He had also been planning to defend his title at the June 3-6 Memorial tournament in Dublin, Ohio but that event is still up in the air while he continues to heal an inflamed facet joint.
A scan revealed that he was suffering from an inflamed facet joint and he said: "I now need to take care of this condition and will return to playing golf when I'm physically able.
The eight recommendations include one regarding the use of diagnostic discography and nerve root, facet joint, sacroiliac joint and medial branch nerve blocks in this population.