district court

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District Court

A designation of an inferior state court that exercises general jurisdiction that it has been granted by the constitution or statute which created it. A U.S. judicial tribunal with original jurisdiction to try cases or controversies that fall within its limited jurisdiction.

A state district might, for example, determine civil actions between state residents based upon contract violations or tortious conduct that occurred within the state.

Federal district courts are located in places designated by federal law, hearing cases in at least one place in every state. Most federal cases, whether civil actions or criminal prosecutions for violations of federal law, commence in district court. Cases arising under the Constitution, federal law, or treaty, or cases between citizens of different states, must also involve an interest worth more than $75,000 before the district court can exercise its jurisdiction.

The federal district courts also have original and exclusive jurisdiction of Bankruptcy cases, and admiralty, maritime, and prize cases, which determine rights in ships and cargo captured at sea. State courts are powerless to hear these kinds of controversies.

A party can appeal a decision made in district court in the Court of Appeal.

Cross-references

Federal Courts.

district court

n. 1) in the federal court system, a trial court for federal cases in a court district, which is all or a portion of a state. 2) a local court in some states. (See: court)

district court

1 in Scotland a court of summary jurisdiction held by a stipendiary magistrate or one or more justices of the peace to deal with minor criminal offences.
2 in the USA a federal trial court serving a federal judicial district or in some states a court having general jurisdiction in a state judicial district.
3 in Australia and New Zealand a court lower than a high court.
4 a court in the Republic of Ireland.

DISTRICT COURT. The name of one of the courts of the United States. It is held by a judge, called the district judge. Several courts under the same name have been established by state authority. Vide Courts of the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
It is important to further note that adding the New Jersey Federal District Court is but the first step in opening access to the New Jersey side of the river," commented Dominick Esposito, Executive Director of Business Development, eLaw, LLC.
At this point, Dover is only a federal district court ruling and is binding precedent only in the Middle District of Pennsylvania.
Unlike in the Guantanamo case, when Hamdi's father filed a habeas corpus petition in a federal district court in Virginia, near where his son was being held, the government agreed that the courts had jurisdiction to review Hamdi's detention.
In reversing the district court's decision, the Sixth Circuit reasoned that the federal district court could consider the dispute if A.
Federal Trade Commission, filed in Federal District Court in Colorado (and including the American Teleservices Association as a plaintiff), similar allegations were made concerning the First Amendment and equal protection.
The case is pending in the federal district court of the District of Columbia.
DTM/3D Systems action in Federal District Court in California, 3D Systems filed a motion seeking a preliminary injunction to stop EOS' selling activities of LS powders in the U.
In a setback for the Food and Drug Administration, a federal district court ruled last week that the agency had unlawfully attempted to restrict an herbal supplement as a prescription drug.
A federal district court in Los Angeles declared that law unconstitutional, and the government did not appeal.
HR 1689, Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act of 1997, would allow the removal of any state-level private class-action suit involving nationally traded securities to the federal district court for the district in which the action is pending.
To assure that any possible civil money penalty assessed by the Board can be collected, the Board has obtained a federal district court order freezing Pharaon's U.

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