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The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.


(Burn), verb conflagrate, deflagrate, heat, ignite, incandesce, inflame, kindle, light, scorch, singe, warm
Associated concepts: Fire Act, Firefighter's Rule, Fireman's Rule


(Discharge), verb depose, dismiss, expel, lay off, remove, stimulate, terminate, torrefy


(Stimulate), verb animate, arouse, electrify, enliven, excite, foster, goad, incite, inspirit, quicken, rouse, spur, stir
See also: ardor, barrage, burn, conflagration, deflagrate, depose, discharge, dismiss, foment, life, passion, provoke, remove, spirit, stimulate, supplant
References in periodicals archive ?
The existence of the PSBRU - known also as 'the Bradford Burns Unit' - stands as a lasting memorial, and a living legacy, of the Fire Disaster.
Civil defense officials in Makkah averted a fire disaster in King Khalid Street on Tuesday night after a tanker loaded with petrol crashed into another petroleum tanker in a tunnel spilling fuel on to the road and the nearby surrounding areas.
Primary Court settles fire disaster claim Muscat: On the directives of the Omani Primary Court, Oman Fibre Optic Company and Muscat Insurance Company have agreed to settle the most expensive fire disaster claim in the Sultanate.
Among the topics are the mechanical analysis of a cement stabilized macadam base course under heavy load, a numerical study on the effect of a fire shutter and smoke curtain on smoke ventilation in a fire disaster at a subway station, a primary vertical temperature distribution model of a concrete dam during construction based on distributed optical fiber measuring temperature, combining constructed wetlands and oxidation ponds for treating wastewater in riparian wetlands of Hongze lake, and a comprehensive benefit evaluation system of different water-saving rice cultivation patterns in the seasonal-drought hilly region of southern China.
FA chiefs who wanted to charge Bradford City to display a flag honouring the 56 killed in the Valley Parade fire disaster should hang their heads in shame.
BRADFORD will pay tribute to the fans who lost their lives in the Valley Parade fire disaster at Wembley this weekend by wearing specially-made tracksuit tops with the number 56 and the words 'Always With Us' embroidered on the front.
However, Ajit Srivastav, Fire Disaster Management Officer reported that the some of the fire engines were held in traffic on the highway leading to the site.
Larimer County has since opened the High Park Fire Disaster Recovery Center at the Colorado State University Campus.
All roads leading to Villaggio Mall were choked for hours soon after the news of the fire disaster spread among the country's residents.
Haydarpasa Train Station had witnessed a sabotage in 1917, a tanker disaster in 1979 and a fire disaster in 2010, wrote the newspapers.
Checks should be sent to the Israel Forest Fire Disaster Relief Fund, and made payable to The Jewish Federations of North America, care of: Wall Street Station, PO Box 148, New York, NY 10268.