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The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.


(Burn), verb conflagrate, deflagrate, heat, ignite, incandesce, inflame, kindle, light, scorch, singe, warm
Associated concepts: Fire Act, Firefighter's Rule, Fireman's Rule


(Discharge), verb depose, dismiss, expel, lay off, remove, stimulate, terminate, torrefy


(Stimulate), verb animate, arouse, electrify, enliven, excite, foster, goad, incite, inspirit, quicken, rouse, spur, stir
See also: ardor, barrage, burn, conflagration, deflagrate, depose, discharge, dismiss, foment, life, passion, provoke, remove, spirit, stimulate, supplant
References in periodicals archive ?
In this process, a water-soluble fire retardant is mixed with the wood chips at the time of refining, achieving an effect similar to impregnation.
Flameret Fire Retardant and fire resistant applications will be sold to separate industries.
Phosphorus is the preferred fire retardant for thermosets that are based on oxygen-containing polymers, but it is generally ineffective in hydrocarbon polymers because of the lack of oxygen.
The manufacture of fire retardant materials is an active area of research, the understanding of which can improve safety as well as the marketability of a product.
Recently Elk announced the availability of VersaShield II, a cotton-based fire retardant fabric, expanding the VersaShield line into other consumer markets where comfort cannot be compromised, such as upholstery and bed clothing.
Although chemical agents that contain phosphorus and nitrogen are widely used to make fire-retardant wood, there are few results of cone calorimeter tests to show the relationship between impregnated quantity of fire retardant and its performance.
Charred plant life reached out like blackened skeletons from the steep mountainsides as scientists took inventory of the job ahead - preventing landslides and flooding and cleaning hot pink fire retardant from the fragile Bouquet Creek and the winding narrow road that follows it.
Company's Superfine melamine crystal is a nontoxic, environmentally safe fire retardant suitable for use in a wide range of plastic foams and other materials.
Enhanced Emphasis on Cost-effective Halogen-free Fire Retardant Chemicals Crucial for Continued Growth
4) Air National Guard crews practice filling a firefighting C-130 with fire retardant.
Pre-treatment -- if necessary, perimeter brush on the property is sprayed with Phos-Chek(R), the same environmentally friendly fire retardant used by the U.