force majeure

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Force Majeure

[French, A superior or irresistible power.] An event that is a result of the elements of nature, as opposed to one caused by human behavior.

The term force majeure relates to the law of insurance and is frequently used in construction contracts to protect the parties in the event that a segment of the contract cannot be performed due to causes that are outside the control of the parties, such as natural disasters, that could not be evaded through the exercise of due care.

force majeure

an event that no human foresight could anticipate or which, if anticipated, is too strong to be controlled. Depending on the legal system, such an event may relieve a party of an obligation to perform a contract.
References in periodicals archive ?
The materials are presented in chapters covering letters of intent; recitals in international contracts; interpretation clauses; best efforts, reasonable care, due diligence, and general trade standards in international contracts; confidentiality clauses in international contracts; penalty clauses; limitation of liability and exemption clauses; force majure clauses; hardship clauses; "English clauses," most-favored customer clauses, and first-refusal clauses; assignment clauses; termination clauses; and post-contractual obligations in international contracts.
Moderate delays hurt the industry more than big ticket disruption: One of the greatest challenges facing airlines is not major weather or force majure events, such as the volcanic ash cloud that disrupted travel across Europe in 2011, but rather the far more regular moderate delays of 1-4 hours that matter most to customers.