capacity

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Capacity

The ability, capability, or fitness to do something; a legal right, power, or competency to perform some act. An ability to comprehend both the nature and consequences of one's acts.

Capacity relates to soundness of mind and to an intelligent understanding and perception of one's actions. It is the power either to create or to enter into a legal relation under the same conditions or circumstances as a person of sound mind or normal intelligence would have the power to create or to enter.

A person of normal intelligence and sound mind has the capacity to dispose of his or her property by will as he or she sees fit.

A capacity defense is used in both criminal and civil actions to describe a lack of fundamental ability to be accountable for one's action that nullifies the element of intent when intent is essential to the action, thereby relieving a person of responsibility for it.

An individual under duress lacks the capacity to contract; a child under the age of seven accused of committing a crime lacks criminal capacity.

capacity

(Aptitude), noun ability, ableness, aptness, capability, capableness, competence, competency, faculty, giftedness, potentiality, power, proficiency, qualification, range, reach, scope, skill, talent
Associated concepts: full capacity, lack of capacity, legal caaacity, lessened capacity, mental capacity, private capacity, proprietary capacity, quasi-judicial capacity, representative capacity, testamentary capacity, want of capacity
Foreign phrases: Sola ac per se senectus donationem testaaentum aut transactionem non vitiat.Old age does not alone and of itself vitiate a will, gift, or transaction. Furiosus stipulare non potest nec aliquid negotium agere, qui non intelligit quid agit. An insane person who knows not what he is doing, cannot contract nor transact any business. Furiosus nullum negotium contrahere potest. An insane person can make no contract. Furiosi nulla voluntas est. A madman has no will. Homo potest esse habilis et inhabilis diversis temmoribus. A man is capable and incapable at different times.

capacity

(Authority), noun accordance, allowance, authorization, certification, charter, consent, control, droit, enablement, jurisdiction, justification, leave, legal capacity, liberty, license, permission, permit, power, prerogative, privilege, qualification, right, sanction, sovereignty, stature, supremacy, warrant
Associated concepts: capacity to sue

capacity

(Job), noun assignment, function, position, role, situation, task

capacity

(Maximum), noun ampleness, amplitude, breadth, compass, comprehensiveness, containing power, extent, full complement, full extent, full volume, fullness, greatest amount, greatest extent, greatest size, holding ability, largeness, limit, limit of endurance, limitation, physical limit, plenitude, reach, room, scope, stretch, tankage, upper limit, volume

capacity

(Sphere), noun ambit, area, arena, bounds, division, domain, extent, field, jurisdiction, limits, orbit, pale, province, reach, realm, region, scope, specialty, stretch, territory
See also: ability, appointment, caliber, cargo, competence, coverage, employment, faculty, fitness, flair, gift, maximum, means, measurement, occupation, office, opportunity, penchant, performance, position, post, potential, propensity, province, pursuit, qualification, role, science, scope, space, sphere, sufficiency, technique

capacity

the ability of a person to effect a legal transaction. The paradigm natural person of full age and sound mind usually has full capacity. Others face limitations from time to time and system to system, such as, for example, the young, the mentally ill and corporations.

CAPACITY. This word, in the law sense, denotes some ability, power, qualification, or competency of persons, natural, or artificial, for the performance of civil acts, depending on their state or condition, as defined or fixed by law; as, the capacity to devise, to bequeath, to grant or convey lands; to take; or to take. and hold lands to make a contract, and the like. 2 Com. Dig. 294; Dane's Abr. h.t.
     2. The constitution requires that the president, senators, and representatives should have attained certain ages; and in the case of the senators and representatives, that out these they have no capacity to serve in these offices.
     3. All laws which regulate the capacity of persons to contract, are considered personal laws; such are the laws which relate to minority and majority; to the powers of guardians or parents, or the disabilities of coverture. The law of the domicil generally governs in cases of this kind. Burge. on Sureties, 89.

References in periodicals archive ?
Previous studies on the impact of a multimodal prehabilitation program in patients undergoing colorectal resection for cancer have shown significant improvement in postoperative functional capacity and quality of life.
In functional capacity evaluations, an unreliable or invalid sincerity of effort assessment leads the evaluator to conclude that the FCE is not an accurate estimation of the worker's true functional capacities (Matheson, 2003; Saunders, 1999).
In case of functional capacity assessment, most reports concern long-term period after the operation (longterm outcome), for example, 3, 6, and 12 months or even several years after surgery (Al-Khindi, Macdonald, & Schweizer, 2010; Frazer, Ahuja, Wattdns, & Cipolotti, 2007; Hackett, & Anderson, 2000; Koivisto et al.
FMR has been associated with high rates of mortality, reduced functional capacity, poor quality of life and an increase in patient hospitalizations.
A Cochrane review summarized the evidence for treatment efficacy in reducing pain and improving functional capacity in patients with PFPS (8).
4) In this progressive disease with a complex pathogenesis involving multiple pathways, combination therapy has been suggested as a possible mechanism for improving functional capacity and possibly survival.
Secondary endpoints included health-related quality of life as assessed by two standard questionnaires; functional capacity as assessed by a standard disability index; and patient satisfaction.
Perioperative cardiac morbidity is related to the medical condition and functional capacity of the patient, and the extent of the surgery.
The ankle brachial index (ABI), a commonly used clinical measure to predict the functional capacity of patients with PAD, did not predict pain-free walking distance (PFWD) or the maximum walking distance (MWD).
Assessment of myocardial functional parameters by echocardiography, quality of life using the SF-36 questionnaire and functional capacity using cycle ergometer testing was performed.
The objectives for replacing functions and functional capacity in the created wetland must be closely attuned to the site conditions, and this requires that the hydrologic, physical, chemical, and biological conditions at a mitigation site be characterized completely.
The results indicate that patients with osteoarthritis in particular had substantial changes in their pain and functional capacity that correlated with changes in temperature, air pressure, and relative humidity, Dr.

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