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PCHR reiterated its call on the High Contracting Parties to the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their obligations under Article 1; to respect and ensure respect for the Convention in all circumstances and their obligations under Article 146 to prosecute persons alleged to commit grave breaches of the Fourth Geneva Convention.
Saying the Geneva Conventions were passe, the President vowed to take 'harsh measures' against the communist insurgents.
the drafters of the 1929 Geneva Convention and 1949 Geneva Conventions
Those responsible may be unaware that use of the red cross emblem is restricted under the Geneva Conventions for the Protection of War Victims of 12 August 1949, and that unauthorised use of this sign in the United Kingdom is an offence under the Geneva Conventions Act 1957.
The Hamdan ruling held that Geneva Conventions do apply, and thus placed the Bush team in "a legally vulnerable position" as even an Air Force judge advocate in mid 2006 testified before Congress that "some techniques that have been authorized" violated the Geneva Conventions.
Theinternational community considers the establishment of Israeli settlements in the Israeli-occupied territories illegal under international law, however Israel maintains that they are consistent with international law because it does not agree that the fourth geneva convention applies to the territories occupied in the 1967 six-day war.
Additional Protocols to the 1949 Geneva Conventions were opened for
Switzerland, as the depositary of the Geneva Conventions, said "the state of Palestine" acceded to the conventions effective April 2 -- 25 years after Palestinians first sought membership.
Mansour said Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has asked Switzerland-as the depository for Geneva Conventions-to convene a meeting of the parties to the 4th Geneva Convention on the protection of civilian persons in time of war.
The work of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) as custodians of the Geneva Conventions is as vital today as it has ever been.
1) The essay concludes that authority in domestic and international law exists for such operations and that, as a policy choice, the United States would do well to apply the Geneva Conventions of 1949 in the conflict with terrorists whether or not it is legally required.
These grave breaches constitute war crimes under Article 147 of the same Convention and Protocol (I) Additional to the Geneva Conventions, PCHR said.

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