civil service

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Civil Service

The designation given to government employment for which a person qualifies on the basis of merit rather than political patronage or personal favor.

Civil service employees, often called civil servants or public employees, work in a variety of fields such as teaching, sanitation, health care, management, and administration for the federal, state, or local government. Legislatures establish basic prerequisites for employment such as compliance with minimal age and educational requirements and residency laws. Employees enjoy job security, promotion and educational opportunities, comprehensive medical insurance coverage, and Pension and other benefits often not provided in comparable positions in private employment.

Most civil service positions are filled from lists of applicants who are rated in descending order of their passing scores on competitive civil service examinations. Such examinations are written tests designed to measure objectively a person's aptitude to perform a job. They are open to the general public upon the completion and filing of the necessary forms. Promotional competitive examinations screen eligible employees for job advancement. Veterans of the Armed Services may be given hiring preference, usually in the form of extra points added to their examination scores, depending upon the nature and duration of their service. Applicants may also be required to pass a medical examination and more specialized tests that relate directly to the performance of a designated job. Once hired, an employee may have to take an oath to execute his job in Good Faith and in accordance with the law.

Unlike workers in private employment, civil service employees may be prohibited from certain acts that would compromise their position as servants of the government and the general public. For example, the federal Hatch Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 7324 et seq. [1887]) makes participation by federal, state, and local civil service employees in designated public electoral and political activities unlawful.

The U.S. Civil Service Commission, created by Congress in 1883 and reorganized under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C.A. § 1101 et seq.) as the Merit Systems Protection Board, established a merit system for federal employment and governs various aspects of such employment, such as job classification, tenure, pay, training, employee relations, equal opportunity, pensions, and health and life insurance. Most states have comparable bodies for the regulation of state and local civil service employment.

civil service

in the constitutional law of the UK, servants of the Crown who are permanent and do not change with a political change of government. There is no definition of a Crown servant. A subordinate who is employed by a civil servant is a servant of the Crown and not of the person employing him. Recruitment and examination, for many the insignia of a mature and independent civil service, have for over one hundred years been carried out by the Civil Service Commission, a body established not by statute but by order in council. Independence is supported by having pay decided by the Civil Service National Whitley Council. They may be precluded from being able to strike on grounds of national security. Civil servants have no special constitutional status separate from the minister they serve and have no right to reveal confidential information in the public interest, an issue discussed in relation to official secrets. There is a sliding scale of permission to take part in politics, the higher the official, the lesser the activity permitted.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said that in view of lack of land and high price of land in Islamabad, a proposal for high raise building in Sector G6 is also under consideration for government employees which will be given to original employees on ownership basis.
He said the Government employees would now work with more dedication and professional commitment besides enhancing efficiencies of the public sectors departments.
Requirements that a government employee disclose and recuse from any matter involving a potential employer generally do not apply once employment discussions have clearly ended unsuccessfully.
12%, the authority decided against recommending an increase in government basic salaries, and instead suggested additional family allowances for government employees with children.
Under the new final regulations, government employees eligible for the security exclusion must include in income a maximum of $3 per day (the value of a round-trip commute), even if the vehicle is used for more than merely commuting purposes.
The sector was launched in 1985 for providing residential facilities to the government employees.
2 (ANI): In a bizarre move, the Rajasthan government has directed all the government employees to properly welcome and see off visiting MPs and MLAs.
The conservative Heritage Foundation even praised the government employee plan in the latest issue of its magazine, Policy Review.
In addition, the preamble avers that the skirting of the independent security study requirement for government employers is appropriate because threats directed to government employees "may require an immediate response from the government employer in the form of protective services for the threatened employee and his family.
Justice Syed Mansoor Ali Shah passed the orders while hearing different contempt petitions by retired government employees over 75years against nonpayment of full pension.
Under Clinton's ``Reinventing Government'' drive, thousands of government employees were pink-slipped from supposed lifetime jobs.
has affirmed the financial strength rating (FSR) of A++ (Superior) and issuer credit ratings (ICR) of "aaa" of Government Employees Group (GEICO) (Chevy Chase, MD) and its property/casualty insurance operating subsidiaries.

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