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The story begins with his childhood in the Greek city-state of Troizen and follows him to Athens and Crete before returning him to Athens.
and thus the same period that saw the birth of the Greek city-states.
The more sophisticated Greek city-states had been weakened by decades of social and political experimentation and war, and could do nothing but watch as Philip and his son Alexander put themselves at the head of the pan-Hellenic crusade against the nation of Persia (known today as modern Iran), their old "barbarian" enemy.
The Greek city-states were in the habit of secreting agents into their enemy territories with the express mission to corrupt officials.
The Greek city-states summed it up clearly nearly 3,000 years ago: The needs of the individual against the needs of society.
Rather, for 200 years, it outperformed all other Greek city-states, including authoritarian archrival Sparta, by almost every measure archeologists have devised--estimates of household wealth, number of public buildings, mentions of the city in extant Greek literature, distribution of coinage.
A native of Halicarnassus, a Greek town on the coast of Asia Minor, Herodotus composed "The Histories," a compendious account of the relations between the Greek city-states and their Mediterranean colonies, on one hand, and, on the other, Achaemenid Persia and its subject peoples, in the years leading up to the Greco-Persian Wars (490 BC and 480-479 BC).
The Greek city-states were supposed to guarantee them free passage despite their incessant wars.
He asserts the ancient Greek city-states may well have waged war against a city they knew as Troy, although it probably was not technically a siege and was certainly shorter than Homer asserts.
Rather, he uses the moral relevance of the post-September the 11th global context to bring the Persian Empire and its conflict with the comparatively insignificant Greek city-states led by Athens and Sparta into general readership.
See, for example, Axin & Stern, 2001; DiNetto, 2003; Jansson, 2001; Piven & Cloward, 1993; Popple & Leighninger, 2002; Trattner, 1999; and, Zastrow, 2000) Admittedly, Day (2003), as well as Dolgoff & Feldstein (2000), do describe in broad terms some of the beginnings of social welfare in early societies, in the later Greek city-states, throughout the Roman Empire, as well as in Eastern cultures.