neglect

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Related to Hemispatial neglect: Unilateral neglect

Neglect

An omission to do or perform some work, duty, or act.

As used by U.S. courts, the term neglect denotes the failure of responsibility on the part of defendants or attorneys. Neglect is related to the concept of Negligence, but its rather limited use in the law sets it apart from that much broader doctrine. Generally speaking, neglect means omitting or failing to do something that is required. Neglect is often related to timeliness: examples include the failure of a taxpayer to file a timely income tax return and the failure of an attorney to meet a deadline for filing an appeal. In determining whether to rule against a party, courts consider the reason for the neglect, which can range from unavoidable accidents and hindrances to the less acceptable extreme of carelessness and indifference to duty.

Special terminology applies to some forms of neglect. Culpable neglect exists where a loss arises from an individual's carelessness, improvidence, or folly. Willful neglect applies to marital cases; it refers to the neglect of one spouse, historically the husband, to provide such essentials as food, shelter, and clothing to the other spouse, either because of refusal or indifference. Excusable neglect is used to grant exceptions in cases where neglect was the consequence of accident, unavoidable hindrance, reliance on legal counsel, or reliance on promises made by the adverse party. Excusable neglect can serve as the basis for a motion to vacate a judgment, as in the case of explaining why a deadline for filing an appeal could not be met. Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, excusable neglect authorizes a court to permit an act to be done after the official deadline has expired (Fed. R. Civ. P. 6 (b)).

Cross-references

Child Abuse; Necessaries.

neglect

noun abandonment, absentmindedness, breach, bungling, careless abandon, carelessness, default, delinquency, dereliction, disregard, failure, heedlessness, idleness, improvidence, imprudence, inaction, inadvertence, inattention, inattentiveness, incuria, indifference, indiligence, inexecution, inexertion, laches, laxity, laxness, misprision, neglegentia, negligence, noncompletion, nonfeasance, nonfulfillment, nonobservance, nonperformance, omission, oversight, procrastination, rashness, recklessness, remissness, slackness, slight, sloth, slovenliness, thoughtlessness, unactivity, unconcern, unconscientiousness, unheedfulness, unobservance, unwariness, unwatchfulness
Associated concepts: culpable neglect, neglect of duty, neggect to act, neglect to prosecute, willful neglect
Foreign phrases: Magna culpa dolus est.Gross neglect is the equivalent of fraud.

neglect

verb be careless, be inattentive, be lax, disdain, disregard, fail, forget, gloss over, ignore, lay aside, leave alone, lose sight of, neglegere, not care for, not use, omit, overlook, pass by, pass over, pay no attention, pay no heed to, pay no regard to, pretermit, procrastinate, refuse to recognize, shirk, shun, skip, slight, take no note, take no notice
See also: blame, break, culpability, default, delinquency, dereliction, desuetude, disinterest, disobey, disregard, disrepair, disuse, eschew, exclude, ignore, inconsideration, indifference, laches, laxity, leave, maladministration, mismanage, misprision, nonpayment, nonperformance, nonuse, omission, omit, overlook, override, oversight, pretermit, procrastinate, rebuff, reject, rejection, repudiate, shirk, shun, spurn, violate
References in periodicals archive ?
Spinelli and Di Russo [25] showed that trunk rotation to the left shortened the previously lengthened P100 latencies of visual evoked potentials to left visual field stimulation in left hemispatial neglect patients.
In the present study we demonstrate some patients with hemispatial neglect who show different somatosensory ERPs elicited by low intensity electrical stimulation of the median nerve at the wrist depending on the location of the hand either in the uncrossed anatomical position or crossed over to the other hemispace.
6 years; 5 females 10 males) with right hemisphere lesions and left hemispatial neglect.
To summarize the patient demonstrated a close correlation between left hemispatial neglect in all three modalities and deterioration of corresponding ERPs.
Our results demonstrate that hemispatial neglect of the stimuli coming from the left hemispace or applied to the left hand coincided with the absence or delay and abnormality of the N1 wave in all three modalities.
These results based on a rather small group of patients but with rather homogeneous ERP findings strongly point to the alerting system reflected by the N1 [34] as underlying mechanisms of hemispatial neglect.
Based on Barer's findings [21], we hypothesized that hemispatial neglect (right-hemisphere lateralized behavior) would be associated with acute and chronic dysphagia as identified by validated noninstrumental techniques and clinical assessment.
Medical records were reviewed for the presence or absence of hemispatial neglect and aphasia.
Hemispatial neglect was identified in 15 (23%) and aphasia was identified in 16 (25%) of the 65 patients.
We used chi-square ([chi square]) tests of independence to test the relationships between all dependent variables (DVs) and the independent variables (IVs) of aphasia, hemispatial neglect, and lesion location.
The presence of hemispatial neglect was significantly associated with initial nonoral intake.
hemispatial neglect and aphasia) and acute and chronic dysphagia.