access

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Access

Freedom of approach or communication; or the means, power, or opportunity of approaching, communicating, or passing to and from. Sometimes importing the occurrence of sexual intercourse; otherwise as importing opportunity of communication for that purpose as between Husband and Wife.

In real property law, the term access denotes the right vested in the owner of the land that adjoins a road or other highway to go and return from his own land to the highway without obstruction. Access to property does not necessarily carry with it possession.

For purposes of establishing element of access by defendant in Copyright infringement action, access is ordinarily defined as opportunity to copy.

Prisoners are entitled to have access to court. Prison officials cannot prevent prisoners from filing papers or appearing in court even if they honestly think that such prevention would help them maintain discipline and good order.

Owners of real property are entitled to some means of access to their property from a road or highway. They do not necessarily need to own a corridor of land from their property to the nearest road, but they may claim an Easement of access.In a paternity suit, access means the opportunity to have had sexual relations. When there is a question about who is the father of a certain child, it is appropriate for a court to determine which man had access to the mother around the estimated time of conception. A man charged with being the father of an illegitimate child may plead the defense of multiple access—that the mother had several lovers at the time of conception.

access

n. 1) in real estate the right and ability to get to the property. 2) when a husband has the opportunity to make love to his wife, it is said he has access. This rather vulgar use of "access" has been important because if a husband "had access" to his wife during the time when she became pregnant, it is presumed he is the father. Modern use of blood tests and DNA studies may show the father to be someone other than the husband whether the husband "had access" or not. (See: egress, paternity suit, DNA)

access

(Opening), noun accessibility, approachability, availability, chance, means, occasion, open position, opportunity, possibility, unfilled place, vacancy

access

(Right of way), noun accessus, adit, aditus, admittance, approach, course, direct approach, entrance, entrance way, entry, ingress, inlet, means of access, means of approach, opening, passage, passageway, path, right of entry, road, route, way, way in, way of approach, way through
See also: admission, admittance, entrance, entry, ingress, outlet, portal

access

1 the opportunity to see and visit a child in cases where spouses have separated or divorced and care and custody of a child have been awarded to one spouse. The granting of access and the terms on which it is granted are within the discretion of the court. In both England and Scotland the appropriate order would be a contact order. See SECTION 8 ORDER.
2 this term when used in deeds signifies the right to go into a property and, often combined with egress, the right to go out of it.

ACCESS, persons. Approach, or the means or power of approaching. Sometimes by access is understood sexual intercourse; at other times the opportunity of communicating together so that sexual intercourse may have taken place, is also called access. 1 Turn. & R. 141.
     2. In this sense a man who can readily be in company with his wife, is said to have access to her; and in that case, her issue are presumed to be his issue. But this presumption may be rebutted by positive evidence that no sexual intercourse took place. lb.
     3. Parents are not allowed to prove non-access, for the purpose of bastardizing the issue of the wife; nor will their declarations be received after their deaths, to prove the want of access, with a like intent. 1 P. A. Bro. R. App. xlviii.; Rep. tem. Hard. 79; Bull. N. P. 113; Cowp. R. 592; 8 East, R. 203; 11 East, R. 133. 2 Munf. R. 242; 3 Munf. R. 599; 7 N. S. 553; 4 Hayw R. 221, 3 Hawks, R 623 1 Ashm. R. 269; 6 Binn. R. 283; 3 Paige's R. 129; 7 N. S. 548. See Shelf. on Mar. & Div. 711; and Paternity.

References in periodicals archive ?
Relationship of hemodialysis access to finger gangrene in patients with end-stage renal disease.
The company's lead product, the Dialock Hemodialysis Access System, is a totally implantable device directed at the growing hemodialysis market.
The everlinQ endoAVF System is designed to create an AV-fistula for hemodialysis access using an endovascular approach.
As a result, there remains a significant unmet need for technologies that improve hemodialysis access for patients with ESRD.
High-pressure PTA balloons are used to keep hemodialysis access sites open for dialysis treatments, to restore blood flow in the legs, to dilate narrowings in renal (kidney) arteries, and dilate lesions in other vessels throughout the body.
Lok, MD, MSc Arteriovenous fistulas are the recommended hemodialysis access but are suboptimally used due to maturation failure, patients' unwillingness to undergo surgery, and inadequate vessels.
Canadian Hemodialysis Access Coordinators Group (CHAC)--Current co-chair for the CHAC.
Kidney and hemodialysis experts consider the fistula - a surgically connected passageway between an artery and a vein that can be used as an access point for dialysis treatments - the "gold standard" access choice, and research studies have demonstrated patients with fistulas have the fewest complications, such as infections and clotting, compared to all other hemodialysis access choices.
This was part of The Hemodialysis Access Initiative for the Ministry of Health in Ontario.