Henry II of England


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Henry II of England

Henry II of England. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Henry II of England.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

King Henry II was born March 5, 1133, in Le Mans, France. He reigned from 1154 to 1189 and founded the Plantagenet dynasty of English rulers. Henry's many innovations in civil and Criminal Procedure had a lasting effect upon English Law and his expansion of the royal court system made royal justice available throughout England.

Building upon the earlier tradition of the inquest, Henry issued several assizes, or ordinances, that introduced the procedures that eventually developed into the Grand Jury. He also developed a number of writs to bring cases from the feudal courts of the barons into the royal courts. In addition, Henry sent itinerant justices on regular circuits through the kingdom to make royal justice more easily obtainable.

Henry's expansion of royal justice did, however, bring him into conflict with thomas becket, the archbishop of Canterbury, who opposed the king's efforts to punish members of the clergy who had been convicted of crimes in ecclesiastical courts and removed from their clerical status. Becket was murdered in 1170 by some of the king's men, though apparently not at his command, and Henry thereafter gave up his efforts to punish members of the clergy. Henry died July 6, 1189, near Tours, France.

References in periodicals archive ?
History fans may know that it was, for a while, part of the empire of King Henry II of England that included the west coast of France.
It was that of the bitter former king of Leinster, Dermot McMurrough, who had been expelled from Ireland by O'Connor and wanted his kingdom and O'Connor's so much that he turned to King Henry II of England for help.
The cathedral chapter therefore sought approval for their decision from Henry II of England.
James Campbell portrays King Henry II of England and Janet Steiger Carr plays his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine.
NEW YORK -- Golden Globe,(TM) Emmy(R)-nominated and Olivier Award-winning actor Patrick Stewart and Oscar(R) nominated, Emmy(R) and Tony(R) Award-winning actress Glenn Close will star as a royal couple, portraying King Henry II of England and his scheming wife, Queen Eleanor of Acquitaine in a SHOWTIME Original Picture THE LION IN WINTER.
When Philip ascended to the throne in 1180, Henry II of England ruled more of France than his Capetian overlord; by his death in 1223 Philip had increased the royal estate to include Touraine, Maine, Amiens, and much of Poitou, adding to these the overlordship of Britanny.
ELEANOR of Aquitaine was married to Louis VII of France then to Henry II of England and was mother to Richard the Lionheart and King John.
Before marrying Henry II of England she married Louis VII of France.
Scotland and England remained on good terms for a while but, in 1157, Henry II of England took back Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland from Scotland - places gifted to David by treaty.
Recently when Ralphe arranged for ``The Lion in Winter,'' a Santa Paula Theater Center production, to appear at the Center, (it's running through May 11) his friend, director Gerald Castillo, agreed to do it only if Ralphe would play the main role of Henry II of England.
After getting a divorce, she became the wife of Henry II of England.
He helped Henry II of England seize control of part of Ireland and laid the original wooden Motte and Bailey castle buildings in 1172.