Henry II of England

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Related to Henry Plantagenet: Thomas Becket, Henry II

Henry II of England

Henry II of England. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Henry II of England.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

King Henry II was born March 5, 1133, in Le Mans, France. He reigned from 1154 to 1189 and founded the Plantagenet dynasty of English rulers. Henry's many innovations in civil and Criminal Procedure had a lasting effect upon English Law and his expansion of the royal court system made royal justice available throughout England.

Building upon the earlier tradition of the inquest, Henry issued several assizes, or ordinances, that introduced the procedures that eventually developed into the Grand Jury. He also developed a number of writs to bring cases from the feudal courts of the barons into the royal courts. In addition, Henry sent itinerant justices on regular circuits through the kingdom to make royal justice more easily obtainable.

Henry's expansion of royal justice did, however, bring him into conflict with thomas becket, the archbishop of Canterbury, who opposed the king's efforts to punish members of the clergy who had been convicted of crimes in ecclesiastical courts and removed from their clerical status. Becket was murdered in 1170 by some of the king's men, though apparently not at his command, and Henry thereafter gave up his efforts to punish members of the clergy. Henry died July 6, 1189, near Tours, France.

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Next stop on the agenda will be Cognac, where the group will learn about the history and production of cognac, visiting the Hennessy and Remy Martin estates and distilleries, and mixing in some history as they explore the 900- year-old Fontevraud Royal Abbey, once the richest and most powerful abbey in France, with tombs of the fabulous Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry Plantagenet.
Al Gore has no more link with sharecroppers in Carthage and Yalie George Bush has no more in common with oil wildcaters in Midland, TX, than French speaking Henry Plantagenet had with English yeomanry.