road

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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
In Milwaukee, which is surrounded by highways going every direction, the African-American section of the city and the old Italian neighborhoods were wiped out by highway construction in the 1960s, he says.
Ashland's Arizona subsidiary is one of the state's largest highway construction and construction materials producers.
By using scarce General Fund money - instead of gas taxes and tolls - to pay for highway construction, Proposition 192 steals money from schools, higher education, parks and other critical needs, which don't have dedicated funds as do roads.
AMEX: STV), ("Sterling" or the "Company"), reported that earlier today, the State of Texas Department of Transportation named its subsidiary, Sterling Houston Holdings, ("SHH") as the low bidder on a highway construction, paving and bridgework contract valued at $58.
Congress to pass a new highway construction authorization bill.
The Laborers' International Union of North America State of Indiana District Council represents 12,500 members across the state with more than half of those involved in highway construction.
Currently, nine mining operations as well as two highway construction companies are committing to the new DriverMax-CX in production.
Four year Framework Agreement to procure skilled labour (2, 3 or 4 men gangs) fully equipped with transport, plant and equipment paid on a day rate to carry out minor highway construction and maintenance works each ranging in value between GBP 500 and GBP 50 000, including, but not limited to: Carriageway and pothole repairs; Foot-way and kerbing works; Trial pit excavations; Masonry works; Grubbing, weeding and simple landscaping; General cleaning of highways and structures (i.
60 percent of highway construction employers had reduced their blue-collar workforce.
Studies show new highway construction and improvements to existing roadways accelerate regional connectivity through increased transportation efficiency.
Highway construction in October advanced 23 percent.
In one of many topic-specific volumes of selected and peer-reviewed papers from the conference, the 25 papers here explore pavement engineering from such perspectives as materials, design, testing, and highway construction.

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