poaching

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Related to Illegal hunting: poaching, Poachers

Poaching

The illegal shooting, trapping, or taking of game or fish from private or public property.

The poaching of game and fish was made a crime in England in the seventeenth century, as aristocratic landowners sought to preserve their shooting and property rights. Poor peasants did most of the poaching to supplement their diets with meat and fish.

In the United States, poaching was not considered a serious problem meriting legal measures before the twentieth century, because vast expanses of undeveloped land contained abundant sources of fish and game. The increased cultivation of land and the growth of towns and cities reduced wildlife habitats in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, the U.S. conservation movement arose with an emphasis on preserving wildlife and managing the fish and game populations. Wildlife preserves and state and national parks were created as havens for wild animals, many of which were threatened with extinction.

Because of these changing circumstances, restrictions were placed on hunting and fishing. State game and fish laws now require persons to purchase licenses to hunt and fish. The terms of these licenses limit the kind and number of animals or fish that may be taken and restrict hunting and fishing to designated times of the year, popularly referred to as hunting and fishing seasons.

Therefore, persons who fail to purchase a license, as well as those who violate the terms of their licenses, commit acts of poaching. Most poaching in the United States is done for sport or commercial profit. Rare and endangered species, which are protected by state and federal law, are often the targets of poachers.

Poaching laws are enforced by game wardens, who patrol state and national parks and respond to violations on private property. Poachers are subject to criminal laws, ranging from misdemeanors to felonies. Penalties may include steep fines, jail sentences, the Forfeiture of any poached game or fish, the loss of hunting and fishing license privileges for several years, and the forfeiture of hunting or fishing equipment, boats, and vehicles used in the poaching.

Cross-references

Endangered Species Act; Environmental Law; Fish and Fishing.

poaching

the crime of taking game or other specified beasts and trespassing so to do. It is criminalized by, among other enactments, the Night Poaching Act 1828, the Game Laws (Amendment) Act 1960 and the Deer Act 1980.
References in periodicals archive ?
Its home is the island of Madagascar, but sadly fewer than 100 of them have survived illegal hunting and loss of habitat.
regarding can contact Police 0845 line) 0845 English line) "In terms of complaints regarding illegal hunting, over the past 18 months, 22 complaints have been made to the force which represents a significant drop in the number of incidents reported to us.
The Hunting Act should be more effectively enforced and the more training, support and direction police can receive in dealing with illegal hunting, the better from the point of view of persecuted wildlife.
Khalid Ayaz said the campaign against illegal hunting will continue till lifting of ban and strict action will be taken against violators.
Other items associated with illegal hunting was also found.
Brigitte Bardot is threatening to sue the French government unless it cracks down on illegal hunting.
The cause: human activities like logging, urban sprawl, and illegal hunting known as poaching.
District Court in Richmond after being found guilty of seven counts of illegal hunting that violated a federal law protecting migratory birds, according to Adam O'Hara, chief of law enforcement for the U.
WITH reference to the incidence of illegal hunting in Northumbria (the Journal, March 10) the police spokesman states that "generally there are few breaches of the legislation [the 2004 Hunting Act]".
It''s easier to prove illegal hunting with gun packs than mounted hunts.
Instead of being a 'new blow to the Hunting Act', this will clarify the law and clear up any confusion around what is legal hunting and what is illegal hunting.
The numbers of tigers in Malaysia have fallen sharply in recent decades because of the illegal hunting.