duty

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Duty

A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.

duty

n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)

duty

(Obligation), noun accountability, allegiance, assignment, burden, charge, chore, commission, commitment, debt, dictate of conscience, fides, function, indebtedness, liability, moral necessity, moral obligation, munus, obedience, office, pledge, promise, responsibility, role, task, work
Associated concepts: absolute duty, breach of duty, condiiional duty, continuing duty, delegation of duty, duty ennoined by law, duty of support, equitable duty, imperaaive duty, in performance of duty, in the line of duty, lawful duty, legal duty, ministerial duty, moral duty, neglect of duty, nondelegatable duty, nondiscretionary duty, official duty, on duty, private duty, public duty, relief from duty, scope of servant's duties, statutory duty, unfit for duty, violation of duty
Foreign phrases: Qui jussu judicis aliquod fecerit non videtur dolo malo fecisse, quia parere necesse est.He who does anything by command of a judge will not be deemed to have acted from an improper motive, because it was necessary to obey. Judicis officium est opus diei in die suo perficere. It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day. Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata. It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs.

duty

(Tax), noun assessment, burden, capitation, charge, exaction, exactment, excise, imposition, impost, levy, onus, rate, revenue, tallage, tariff, task, tax on deeand, taxation, toll, tribute, vectigal
Associated concepts: duty on exports, duty on imports
See also: accountability, ad valorem, affair, agency, assignment, burden, business, charge, coercion, commitment, compulsion, custody, employment, excise, fealty, function, imposition, job, labor, levy, liability, lien, loyalty, mission, occupation, office, position, province, responsibility, right, tariff, task, tax, trade, trust, weight, work

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

References in periodicals archive ?
The import tariff rationalisation will eventually make Pakistan a nascent state having no manufacturing and employment generation activity rather importing each and every item from other countries thus depleting foreign exchange reserves, a spokesman of Pakistan Automotive Manufacturers' Association (PAMA) said on Tuesday while reacting on the recommendation.
The Vietnamese Ministry of Finance issued circular recently outlining changes in the Most favoured Nation Import Tariffs (MFN) on a number of key agricultural products -- including MSG.
Less economically advanced countries -- Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam -- are given more time to eliminate their import tariffs.
The government has bowed to demand of a number of industrial sectors postponing harmonization of import tariffs for goods in 324 tariff categories until 2010.
It added the EU should take care in opening European chemical markets further and "assess the competitive advantages gained by the elimination or reduction of import tariffs and opening import quotas for .
In response to this the government is re-thinking its lending policies, automobile import policies, and import tariffs, while major Russian manufacturers are restructuring the number of work days in a week and reducing its workforce.
The Egyptian government plans to cut import tariffs on some capital and intermediary goods to zero per cent from between 2pc and 5pc to boost investment, reports said yesterday.
THE NATIONAL Beef Association (NBA) has joined with farming bodies across Europe in an attempt to get the European Commission to scrap plans to reduce beef import tariffs.
Report says freer trade would cause Japan's food self-sufficiency to plummet: If Japan does away with import tariffs and all other barriers to foreign farm goods, as much as $30 billion worth of the country's domestic agricultural output would be lost and its food self-sufficiency would plummet to less than 20 percent from close to 40 percent now, according to an estimate by Japan's Agriculture Ministry.
Europe's Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson yesterday announced import tariffs of up to 20 per cent on imports of leather shoes from China and Vietnam.
has been quietly ratcheting up output at its Eugene memory-chip plant to avoid paying import tariffs imposed by the European Union and the United States, a Hynix spokesman in Korea said Thursday.
The Guatemalan Sugar Association, Asazgua, forecast exports to Taiwan to jump by up to 49% next year after Taipei agreed to scrap import tariffs on a 70,000 ton quota of Guatemalan sugar under a free trade deal signed in July.