duty

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Duty

A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.

duty

n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)

duty

(Obligation), noun accountability, allegiance, assignment, burden, charge, chore, commission, commitment, debt, dictate of conscience, fides, function, indebtedness, liability, moral necessity, moral obligation, munus, obedience, office, pledge, promise, responsibility, role, task, work
Associated concepts: absolute duty, breach of duty, condiiional duty, continuing duty, delegation of duty, duty ennoined by law, duty of support, equitable duty, imperaaive duty, in performance of duty, in the line of duty, lawful duty, legal duty, ministerial duty, moral duty, neglect of duty, nondelegatable duty, nondiscretionary duty, official duty, on duty, private duty, public duty, relief from duty, scope of servant's duties, statutory duty, unfit for duty, violation of duty
Foreign phrases: Qui jussu judicis aliquod fecerit non videtur dolo malo fecisse, quia parere necesse est.He who does anything by command of a judge will not be deemed to have acted from an improper motive, because it was necessary to obey. Judicis officium est opus diei in die suo perficere. It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day. Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata. It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs.

duty

(Tax), noun assessment, burden, capitation, charge, exaction, exactment, excise, imposition, impost, levy, onus, rate, revenue, tallage, tariff, task, tax on deeand, taxation, toll, tribute, vectigal
Associated concepts: duty on exports, duty on imports
See also: accountability, ad valorem, affair, agency, assignment, burden, business, charge, coercion, commitment, compulsion, custody, employment, excise, fealty, function, imposition, job, labor, levy, liability, lien, loyalty, mission, occupation, office, position, province, responsibility, right, tariff, task, tax, trade, trust, weight, work

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

References in periodicals archive ?
India's basic import duties on wine were 100 percent, while the tariff on spirits was 150 percent, both within WTO limits.
They say import duties favour European producers at the expense of poorer families.
Russia's import duties on foreign aircraft have been set high to protect the country's own aerospace industry.
Projects will be classified as a priority activity and will receive exemption from machinery import duties and corporate income tax exemption, without an upper limit, for a period of 8 years.
subsidiary in Miyazaki Prefecture on suspicion of evading more than 100 million yen in import duties.
The World Trade Organization, in what it calls a final verdict, has ruled that the Section 201 steel import duties enacted by the U.
In order to create an environment of efficiency and competition', import duties were reduced by 25 percentage points on cars upto 1000cc, 20 percentage points on cars uptc 1500cc, 25 percentage points on cars upto 1800cc, 50 percentage points on cars over 1800cc and from 105% to 75% on motor cycles.
The European Union has abolished import duties on a number of products from Pakistan and will increase the import quota of textile products by 15%, Pakistani Commerce Minister Abdul Razak Dawood said Tuesday.
The company claimed it was not subject to punitive import duties for a 12-month period ending in November 1999.
The highly secure LaserCard information technology will be used to collect import duties, monitor quality, and control the importation of consumer-use chemical products such as cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and detergents.
Japanese automakers Wednesday welcomed a ruling issued Tuesday by the appellate body of the World Trade Organization (WTO) that a Canadian law exempting import duties only for automobiles made by U.
US trade officials have still to decide which products will be hit by 100% import duties following a World Trade Organisation ruling against the EU's banana regime.