Indian tribe


Also found in: Wikipedia.

INDIAN TRIBE. A separate and distinct community or body of the aboriginal Indian race of men found in the United States.
     2. Such a tribe, situated within the boundaries of a state, and exercising the powers of government and, sovereignty, under the national government, is deemed politically a state; that is, a distinct political society, capable of self-government; but it is not deemed a foreign state, in the sense of the constitution. It is rather a domestic dependent nation. Such a tribe may properly be deemed in a state of pupilage and its relation to the United States resembles that of a ward to a guardian. 5 Pet. R. 1, 16, 17; 20 John. R. 193; 3 Kent, Com. 308 to 318; Story on Const. Sec. 1096; 4 How. U. S. 567; 1 McLean, 254; 6 Hill, 546; 8 Ala. R. 48.

References in classic literature ?
The spot on which they fixed had belonged to an Indian tribe, totally extirpated by that devouring pestilence which had swept the country shortly before their arrival.
She had acquired undisputed control over the Indian tribes still tenanting the forests unexplored by the European man.
In these days of fatted cattle and waving grain-fields this humble root, which was once the totem of an Indian tribe, is quite forgotten, or known only by its flowering vine; but let wild Nature reign here once more, and the tender and luxurious English grains will probably disappear before a myriad of foes, and without the care of man the crow may carry back even the last seed of corn to the great cornfield of the Indian's God in the southwest, whence he is said to have brought it; but the now almost exterminated ground-nut will perhaps revive and flourish in spite of frosts and wildness, prove itself indigenous, and resume its ancient importance and dignity as the diet of the hunter tribe.
Everything there is regulated by resident partners; that is to say, partners who reside in the tramontane country, but who move about from place to place, either with Indian tribes, whose traffic they wish to monopolize, or with main bodies of their own men, whom they employ in trading and trapping.
Hither also repair the Indian tribes accustomed to traffic their peltries with the company.
The regulation of commerce with the Indian tribes is very properly unfettered from two limitations in the articles of Confederation, which render the provision obscure and contradictory.
It also sends missionaries from hence among the Indian tribes.
The semi-barbarous hunters from the Canadas, the same description of population, a little more enlightened, from the States, and the metiffs or half-breeds, who claimed to be ranked in the class of white men, were scattered among the different Indian tribes, or gleaned a scanty livelihood in solitude, amid the haunts of the beaver and the bison; or, to adopt the popular nomenclature of the country of the buffaloe.
There are big valleys there where the white man has never set foot, and Indian tribes as primitive as ten thousand years .
The dispute is between the Navajos, the nation's largest Indian tribe, and the Hopis, whose reservation in northeastern Arizona is surrounded on all sides by Navajo land.
UINTAH & OURAY RESERVATION, Utah -- The Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation (the "Tribe") announces that it has resolved its differences with the Tribe's former financial consultant, John P.
Skibine on June 13, 2010, issued a final determination that affirms the Shinnecock Indian Nation as an Indian tribe.

Full browser ?