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In Civil Law, relating to a thing (whether movable or immovable), as distinguished from a person. Relating to land, as distinguished from Personal Property. This term is applied to lands, tenements, and hereditaments.


adjective accurate, actual, ascertained, bonafide, conformable to fact, correct, dependable, factual, genuine, inartificial, incontestable, irrefutable, legitimate, natural, right, scientific, sincerus, sure, true, trustworthy, truthful, undeniable, undoubtable, unerroneous, unfallacious, unfeigned, unimagined, unimpeachable, unmistaken, unsimulated, unspurious, unsynthetic, valid, veracious, veritable, verus
Associated concepts: real estate, real party interest, real property, real servitude
See also: absolute, actual, apparent, authentic, bona fide, certain, conclusive, concrete, convincing, corporeal, de facto, definite, documentary, factual, faithful, genuine, legitimate, material, natural, objective, perceptible, peremptory, physical, ponderable, positive, pure, realistic, reliable, rightful, sterling, substantial, substantive, tangible, true, veridical


denoting or relating to immovable property such as land and tenements.

POINDING, REAL, or poinding of the ground, Scotch law. Though it be properly a diligence, this is generally considered by lawyers as a species of real action, and is so called to distinguish it from personal poinding, which is founded merely on an obligation to pay.
     2. Every debitum fundi, whether legal or conventional, is a foundation for this action. It is therefore competent to all creditors in debts which make a real burden on lands. As it proceeds on a, real right, it may be directed against all goods that can be found on the lands burdened but, 1. Goods brought upon the ground by strangers are not subject to this diligence. 2. Even the goods of a tenant cannot be poinded for more than his term's rent, Ersk. Pr. L. Scot. 4, 1, 3.

REAL. A term which is applied to land in its most enlarged signification. Real security, therefore, means the security of mortgages or other incumbrances affecting lands. 2 Atk. 806; S. C. 2 Ves. sen. 547.
     2. In the civil law, real has not the same meaning as it has in the common law. There it signifies what relates to a thing, whether it be movable or immovable, lands or goods; thus, a real injury is one which is done to a thing, as a trespass to property, whether it be real or personal in the common law sense. A real statute is one which relates to a thing, in contradistinction to such as relate to a person,

References in periodicals archive ?
SPIAs work particularly well when substituted for bonds in an inflation-adjusted retirement income portfolio.
Under the coupon bond method, an inflation adjustment is taken into account for each taxable year in which the bond is outstanding in an amount equal to the sum of the inflation-adjusted principal amount at the end of the period and the principal payments made during the period minus the inflation-adjusted principal amount at the beginning of the period.
The median inflation-adjusted net worth could be about $100,000 for the 45-54 age category, which would be about the same as in 1989 but down from about $145,000 in 2004.
The new limits will reflect the higher prices for these vehicles (at press time, the 2003 revenue procedure containing the inflation-adjusted limits had not been issued).
As with IRA limits, the post-2006 maximums will be inflation-adjusted in $500 increments.
The REX coverage is triggered if inflation-adjusted exchange rates move beyond a predetermined band and as a consequence make it impossible for a project to meet its debt service requirements.
Commenting on the figures, which show the increase in spending in the industrial sector is less than in recent years, they wrote: "Historically, inflation-adjusted reductions in R&D funding have resulted in periods of retrenchment that lasted over a few years.
It would increase the inflation-adjusted disposable income of an average family of four by $1,176, compared with $964 under the House legislation and $788 under the Senate program.
4 percent since 1979 on an inflation-adjusted basis, while those of male college graduates rose only 16.
Daiwa Research Institute said Thursday it has revised down its forecast for Japan's inflation-adjusted gross domestic product growth in fiscal 2001 to 0.
Without any superpower threatening us, the Pentagon is still spending at its peacetime cold war levels, and Bill Clinton's first defense budget was higher, even in inflation-adjusted dollars, than Richard Nixon's last.
As can be seen in Figure 1, there have been significant fluctuations in total gross receipts from year to year; however, the long-term trend in inflation-adjusted receipts is mostly stable.