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Accordingly, an international armed conflict could begin solely on the basis of cyber exchanges if two or more states were involved and the nature of the operations qualified them as attacks.
12) Characterization of non-international armed conflict is more complex than the identification of international armed conflict, because the line between government response to internal disturbances and unrest, such as crime and riots, and government response to an armed dissident threat resulting in a situation of armed conflict can often be quite blurry.
during armed conflicts, to include international armed conflicts and
37) Because the law of armed conflict is not static, what might commence as an international armed conflict can quickly transform into a non-international armed conflict, or vice versa.
States are automatically considered international armed conflicts, and
Traditionally, IHL has been concerned primarily with international armed conflict between states rather than noninternational armed conflict (NIAC) between state and nonstate actors, the primary context for counterinsurgency operations.
In any case, state practice and opinio juris do not apply the law of international armed conflict to conflicts between states and some non-state actors.
The commission accused the IHH, a Turkish Islamist charity that owned the Mavi Marmara, "of planned and extremely violent" resistance which was "directly connected to the ongoing international armed conflict between Israel and Hamas.
Nine Turkish nationals were shot dead when Israeli commandos boarded the Mavi Marmara The commission accused the IHH, a Turkish Islamist charity that owned the Mavi Marmara, "of planned and extremely violent" resistance which was "directly connected to the ongoing international armed conflict between Israel and Hamas.
3) Many of the rules specific to each framework are significantly different in scope and detail; for instance, the status of combatant, prisoner-of-war (POW) and protected person are applicable only within international armed conflict.
Controversially, Additional Protocol I expands the definition of international armed conflict to include groups "fighting against colonial domination and alien occupation and against racist regimes in the exercise of their rights of self-determination.
Separately, the United Nations in Sri Lanka accused the separatists of violating international armed conflict laws by refusing to allow local UN staff and their families to leave the war zone.

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