trade union

(redirected from International union)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.

Cross-references

Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
As the next president of the United States, Hillary Clinton is ready to meet the priorities of the members of the International Union of Painters and Allied Trades and working families," said IUPAT General President Kenneth Rigmaiden to a crowd of IUPAT members.
More than 230 service and technical workers at College Hospital kicked off President's Day weekend by voting to join Service Employees International Union, United Healthcare Workers - West (SEIU-UHW) on Friday, February 15.
The RAME is the first regional assembly that was established within the International Union of Railways after the re-structuring of the International Union of Railways in 2006.
During the meeting, the two sides discussed aspects of joint cooperation between the Sultanate and the International Union for Conservation of Nature and stressing their importance, following up their development and growth.
Speaking at the opening special session of the National Council of the International Union, the members of this council stressed the need to "consolidate the efforts of the official and parallel diplomacy to make public this initiative and highlight its importance to settle the artificial conflict over the Sahara.
June 11-15: International Union for Health Promotion and Education Conference; Vancouver; www.
Eliseo Medina is the executive vice president of Service Employees International Union.
Throughout, the author gives voice to those directly involved in the dispute by relying on a rich variety of sources including the local and national records of OCAW, those of the international union representing BASF's German workers (I.
In 1973, while serving as President of the GAC, he also began providing leadership to other organizations, in Canada, as a Director of the Canadian Geological Foundation and as a Member (and subsequently as Foreign Secretary) of the Canadian Geoscience Council (CGC); and internationally, as Chairman of COGEODATA, the Committee on Storage, Retrieval and Processing of Geological Data established by the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS).
chemical workers, the PACE International Union in 1996 instituted its own health and safety initiative, known as the Triangle of Prevention (TOP).
In a period of tension both domestically and 'abroad, we thought it appropriate for city residents to have the comfort of the religious holidays without other concerns," said Mike Fishman, president of Local 32BJ of the Service Employees International Union.
The World Health Organization/ International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases global survey in the year 2000 (6) showed that the prevalence of resistance to at least one anti-TB drug (isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, and streptomycin) among new cases ranged from 1.

Full browser ?