merchant

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merchant

noun businessperson, chandler, dealer, distributer, distributor, entrepreneur, handler, hawker, huckster, mercator, merchandiser, middleman, monger, peddler, retailer, salesperson, seller, shopkeeper, shopman, storekeeper, trader, vendor
Foreign phrases: Jus accrescendi inter mercatores, pro beneficio commercii, locum non habet.The right of surrivorship does not exist between merchants for the benefit of commerce.
See also: dealer, supplier, vendor

LAW, MERCHANT. A system of customs acknowledged and taken notice of by all commercial nations; and those customs constitute a part of the general law of the land; and being a part of that law their existence cannot be proved by witnesses, but the judges are bound to take notice of them ex officio. See Beawes' Lex Mercatoria Rediviva; Caines' Lex Mercatoria Americana; Com. Dig. Merchant, D; Chit. Comm. Law; Pardess. Droit Commercial; Collection des Lois Maritimes anterieure au dix hutiŠme siŠcle, par Dupin; Capmany, Costumbres Maritimas; II Consolato del Mare; Us et Coutumes de la Mer; Piantandia, Della Giurisprudenze Maritina Commerciale, Antica e Moderna; Valin, Commentaire sur l'Ordonnance de la Marine, du Mois d'Aout, 1681; Boulay-Paty, Dr. Comm.; Boucher, Institutions au Droit Maritime.

MERCHANT. One whose business it is to buy and sell merchandise; this applies to all persons who habitually trade in merchandise. 1 Watts & S. 469; 2 Salk. 445.
     2. In another sense, it signifies a person who owns ships, and trades, by means of them, with foreign nations, or with the different States of the United States; these are known by the name of shipping merchants. Com. Dig. Merchant, A; Dyer, R. 279 b; Bac. Ab. h.t.
     3. According to an old authority, there are four species of merchants, namely, merchant adventurers, merchant dormant, merchant travellers, and merchant residents. 2 Brownl. 99. Vide, generally, 9 Salk. R. 445; Bac. Ab. h.t.; Com. Dig. h.t.; 1 Bl. Com. 75, 260; 1 Pard. Dr. Com. n. 78

References in periodicals archive ?
It was while she was appearing in Richard III at the Regent's Park Open Air Theatre that she was seen by James Ivory and Ismail Merchant, who cast her opposite Anthony Hopkins in Surviving Picasso in 1996.
The panel of judges for Classic Shorts 2001 include directors Ridley Scott (Gladiator), Mark Herman (Little Voice), John Madden (Shakespeare in Love), Anthony Minghella (The English Patient), Stephen Woolley (The Crying Game) and Ismail Merchant (Room with a View) as well as Phantom Menace actor Ewan McGregor.
We asked people if they'd read it and many they said they couldn't get past the first two pages,' says producer Ismail Merchant.
A spokesman for Merchant Ivory Productions, which was co-founded by James Ivory with the late Ismail Merchant, said yesterday it did not wish to comment, saying the matter was "all in hand and should be cleared up".
ISMAIL MERCHANT, 68, film producer who with his life partner, director James Ivory, made 40 films, May 25.
The films of director James Ivory and producer Ismail Merchant are usually about well-mannered people - think ``Remains of the Day'' with Anthony Hopkins as the repressed butler.
Producer Ismail Merchant tells Entertainment Weekly the film is called The Goddess and he will direct it next spring in India.
Ismail Merchant and screenwriter Ruth Prawer Jhabvala: Co-founders of the film company Merchant Ivory.
Other guests on the current series include Richard and Judy, Barbara Windsor, Ismail Merchant, Helena Bonham Carter, Stephen Fry, Lesley Garrett, Ulrika Jonsson, Charlotte Church, Martin Kemp, Wendy Richard and Ronan Keating.
While his second outing behind the camera is better than the execrably dull The Proprietor, even the most devoted of their admirers would have to agree that Ismail Merchant should stick to producing and cookery books and leave the directing to partner James Ivory.
Forster or Henry James and often have the names Ismail Merchant and James Ivory on the credits.
The late Ismail Merchant was full of praise for how helpful Shanghai authorities were during the shooting of "The White Countess," the first Western movie to be shot entirely in China.