Judicature Acts

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Judicature Acts

English statutes that govern and revise the organization of the judiciary.

Parliament enacted a series of statutes in 1873 during the reign of Queen Victoria that changed and restructured the court system of England. Consolidated and called the Judicature Act of 1873, these enactments became effective on November 1, 1875, but were later amended in 1877. As a result, superior courts were consolidated to form one supreme court of judicature with two divisions, the High Court of Justice, primarily endowed with original jurisdiction, and the Court of Appeal, which possessed appellate jurisdiction.

The present court system of England is organized according to the Judicature Acts, which were redrafted in 1925 as the Supreme Court of Judicature (Consolidation) Act and which made the Court of Appeals, consisting of a civil division and criminal division, the center of the English judiciary.

References in periodicals archive ?
single court by the Judicature Acts 1873-1876, were both royal courts of
included, most importantly, the Supreme Court of Judicature Act, 1873,
36 & 37 Vict, c 66 and the Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1875, 38
The two major themes are the emergence and incessant transformation of the jury system, including judge/jury relations, across eight centuries of civil and criminal justice and the law-equity division from the emergence of the Court of Chancery in the 14th century down through the Judicature Acts of the 1870s and equity's "conquest" of common law in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure of 1938.
Since the Judicature Acts of the 1880s, common law and equity are merged in superior trial courts, where the judge can grant a common law or equitable remedy.
Parliament is not a body corporate (not even the `Supreme Court', as constituted by the Judicature Acts of 1873-75 and consisting of the High Court and the Court of Appeal, is a corporate entity).
29) The power to appoint such persons and their terms of employment are not provided in the CSA but pursuant to the province's Judicature Act (JA) and the Probate Court Act (PCA).