Circuit Court

(redirected from Judicial circuit)
Also found in: Dictionary, Financial, Wikipedia.

Circuit Court

A specific tribunal that possesses the legal authority to hear cases within its own geographical territory.

A circuit court is ordinarily an inferior trial-level court; appeals are heard by superior courts possessing the requisite jurisdiction. The jurisdiction of a circuit court generally extends over a number of counties or districts wherein the court sits.

The name circuit court can be traced historically to the period when a single judge rode the circuit to hold trials in each county within the designated territory. In geographical locations with small populations, this method of dispensing justice eliminates the expense of providing every small village with its own judiciary.

Circuit Court

the court in the Republic of Ireland above the District Court, which has both civil and criminal jurisdiction. The country is divided into eight circuits, in each of which there are several towns in which the court sits. In civil matters the judge hears cases without a jury, can award compensation and deal with issues relating to land where the rateable value of the land does not exceed ₠252.95. As a criminal court, it can deal with indictable offences referred to it by the District Court, when a judge sits with a jury. Certain serious criminal cases, of which the most common are murder and rape, may only be tried in the Central Criminal Court in Dublin. The Circuit Court hears appeals in both criminal and civil cases from the District Court, which take the form of a rehearing of the case. Appeals from the decisions of a circuit judge in a civil case are to the High Court and from it to the Supreme Court. In a criminal case, appeal is to the Court of Criminal Appeal and then the Supreme Court. The Circuit Court handles appeals from the Labour Court, Unfair Dismissals Tribunal and the Employment Appeals Tribunal.

CIRCUIT COURT. The name of a court of the United States, which has both civil and criminal jurisdiction. In several of the states there are courts which bear this name. Vide Courts of the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
Judge Peacock began her career as an assistant state attorney for the 18th Judicial Circuit and continued as an assistant state attorney for the 13th Judicial Circuit.
9th Judicial Circuit Court, $436,680 (Fulton, Hancock, Henderson, Knox, McDonough and Warren Counties)
Korn was a principal drafter of the Standards of Professional Courtesy and Conduct for Lawyers Practicing in the Twentieth Judicial Circuit as well as The Peer Review Program of the Twentieth Judicial Circuit, and he later served as the Chair of the Circuit's Peer Review Committee.
County boards in the same judicial circuit now can adopt a resolution approving the formation of a single drug court to serve the counties.
Participants began with a police traffic encounter and then moved into the circuit court for a motion to suppress hearing with Second Judicial Circuit Public Defender Nancy Daniels and State Attorney Willie Meggs simulating the motion to suppress hearing.
Federal Judiciary Facilities In The 9Th Judicial Circuit
The courts in Missouri's 23rd Judicial Circuit utilize the 24/7 alcohol anklets, which sample sweat to see if a subject has been drinking, for repeat DWI, domestic violence and other serious alcohol-related offenses.
MIAMI -- The 11th Judicial Circuit Historical Society (11JCHS) is pleased to launch its Call for Nominations for the Legal Legend award, a special recognition bestowed upon legal professionals for their outstanding contributions to South Florida's legal system.
Tomasino previously worked as administrative director in the Public Defender's Office for the Second Judicial Circuit in Tallahassee.
502001CA009260XXOCAO (15th Judicial Circuit, Palm Beach County, Florida)
MIAMI -- The Historical Museum of Southern Florida's 11th Judicial Circuit Historical Society to host 2009 Legal Legends Awards Dinner, November 6th at 7:00 p.

Full browser ?