Henry II of England

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Henry II of England

Henry II of England. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Henry II of England.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

King Henry II was born March 5, 1133, in Le Mans, France. He reigned from 1154 to 1189 and founded the Plantagenet dynasty of English rulers. Henry's many innovations in civil and Criminal Procedure had a lasting effect upon English Law and his expansion of the royal court system made royal justice available throughout England.

Building upon the earlier tradition of the inquest, Henry issued several assizes, or ordinances, that introduced the procedures that eventually developed into the Grand Jury. He also developed a number of writs to bring cases from the feudal courts of the barons into the royal courts. In addition, Henry sent itinerant justices on regular circuits through the kingdom to make royal justice more easily obtainable.

Henry's expansion of royal justice did, however, bring him into conflict with thomas becket, the archbishop of Canterbury, who opposed the king's efforts to punish members of the clergy who had been convicted of crimes in ecclesiastical courts and removed from their clerical status. Becket was murdered in 1170 by some of the king's men, though apparently not at his command, and Henry thereafter gave up his efforts to punish members of the clergy. Henry died July 6, 1189, near Tours, France.

References in periodicals archive ?
It was that of the bitter former king of Leinster, Dermot McMurrough, who had been expelled from Ireland by O'Connor and wanted his kingdom and O'Connor's so much that he turned to King Henry II of England for help.
Other ancestors are said to include King Henry II of England, astronaut John Glenn and former PM Harold Macmillan.
NEW YORK -- Golden Globe,(TM) Emmy(R)-nominated and Olivier Award-winning actor Patrick Stewart and Oscar(R) nominated, Emmy(R) and Tony(R) Award-winning actress Glenn Close will star as a royal couple, portraying King Henry II of England and his scheming wife, Queen Eleanor of Acquitaine in a SHOWTIME Original Picture THE LION IN WINTER.