trade union

(redirected from Labor unions)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.

Cross-references

Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
And the claims of unions - especially public-employee labor unions - about how much they spend on political lobbying are often outright falsehoods.
Kyriakoudes reasons that these rural migrants must have helped to shape the labor unrest of the World War One era in the city by supporting labor unions as a pragmatic strategy for improving working conditions and wages.
If the product is overpriced here, the labor unions want to make sure it's overpriced in Mexico in order to nullify the competition.
But there is, of course, absolutely nothing in the canons of legal ethics that requires an attorney to represent a crooked labor union.
When studying the evolution of the information services or the function of research in modern labor unions, it is often difficult to distinguish between cost-savings enabled by technology and general financial cutbacks due to a declining membership base.
On Wednesday, managers at companies in the automobile, electronics, steel and shipbuilding-heavy machinery industries presented their most meager wage offers in years to their labor unions.
They will also be divided into subgroups and participate in seminars on topics such as the environment and labor unions, and politics and labor unions, and will be required to write a thesis, according to the officials.
Just as the Framers of the Constitution attempted to limit the federal government's authority over individuals with the Bill of Rights, Congress attempted to limit the power of labor unions over the individuals they represent with the 1959 Landrum-Griffen Act.
Labor unions at Japanese automakers submitted their annual wage hike demands Wednesday, featuring the first requests in four years for pay-scale increases at Toyota Motor Corp.
How, then, do labor unions succeed in playing their role in the economy?
reports that labor unions and Ecopetrol filed the Collective Labor Agreement claim in the Ministry of Labor.
This week the Article 19 radio program discussed the extent to which civil society enjoys the right to express their opinions on different issues via the establishment of labor unions and syndicates.