trade union

(redirected from Labour organization)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia.

Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.


Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bailey, an International Labour Organization senior technical specialist.
Head of Cooperation,European Union Delegation to Pakistan,Bernard Francois,representative of the ministry of interior of Hungary OttS F brik,Assistant Director General/ Regional Director for Asia and the Pacific,International Labour Organization Ms Tomoko Nishimoto ,Country Director ILO Ms Ingrid Christensen and Ms Sedef Dearing, Senior Regional Adviser, Silk Routes,ICMPD were also present.
Labour Minister met with the Director General of the International Labour Organization The Minister of Labour and Social Insurance, Mrs Zeta Emilianidou, had a meeting on Tuesday, in Geneva, with the Director General of the International Labour Organisation, Mr Guy Ryder.
The conference is being organized by the Arab Labour Organization (ALO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO).
The International Labour Organization (ILO) launched the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002 to focus attention on the global extent of child labour and the action and efforts needed to eliminate it.
Sheikh al Bakri met with Ahmed Mohammed Luqman Director General of the Arab Labour Organization Aa(ALO) and discussed with him the existing cooperation between the Sultanate and the Arab Labour Organization in labour fields.
ISLAMABAD -- Turkey has been elected to a three-year term as a member of the Governing Body of the International Labour Organization, during a conference in Geneva, Switzerland, announced the Turkish Ministry of Labour and Social Security in a statement on Wednesday.
That proposal requested that ExxonMobil adopt a company-wide workplace human rights policy based on the 1998 International Labour Organization (ILO) Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work.
It is important to note that Pakistan became a member of the International Labour Organization (ILO) right after its independence in 1947.
In this era of profound and disturbing changes affecting people's chances of earning a living, the mission of the International Labour Organization (ILO)- to bring together government, employer and trade union delegates to lay the basis for international labor standards - has become yet more crucial.
Labour wings of various political parties and labour organizations took out rallies to highlight the significance of the day.