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See: banishment, expulsion, ostracism, rejection

EXCOMMUNICATION, eccl. law. An ecclesiastical sentence, pronounced by a spiritual judge against a Christian man, by which he is excluded from the body of the church, and disabled to bring any action, or sue any person in the common law courts. Bac. Ab. h.t.; Co. Litt. 133-4. In early times it was the most frequent and most severe method of executing ecclesiastical censure, although proper to be used, said Justinian, (Nov. 123,) only upon grave occasions. The effect of it was to remove the excommunicated "person not only from the sacred rites but from the society of men. In a certain sense it interdicted the use of fire and water, like the punishment spoken of by Caesar, (lib, 6 de Bell. Gall.). as inflicted by the Druids. Innocent IV. called it the nerve of ecclesiastical discipline. On repentance, the excommunicated person was absolved and received again to communion. These are said to be the powers of binding and loosing the keys of the kingdom of heaven. This kind of punishment seems to have been adopted from the Roman usage of interdicting the use of fire and water. Fr. Duaren, De Sacris Eccles. Ministeriis, lib. 1, cap. 3. See Ridley's View of the Civil. and Ecclesiastical Law, 245, 246, 249.

References in periodicals archive ?
2) tambien latae sententiae para delitos con las caracteristicas descritas por el c.
Decretum Con lettera, Decreto di remissione della scomunica latae sententiae ai Vescovi della Fraternita Sacerdotale San Pio X, 21 gennaio 2009, Citta del Vaticano 2009: patet.
Absolver de una excomunion latae sententiae sin la debida facultad.
Ha incurrido ademas en la excomunion latae sententiae del c.
1378 Codicis Iuris Canonici, tum qui sacrum ordinem conferre attentaverit rum mulier quae sacrum ordinem recipere attenta verit in excommunicationem latae sententiae Sedi Apostolicae reservatam incurtir;
There was another young rape victim somewhere in Africa or South America who had an abortion and was excommunicated latae sententiae.
5 del motu proprio modificado contiene un nuevo delito al incluir el decreto que sanciona con la excomunion latae sententiae reservada a la Sede Apostolica, y la pena expiatoria de la dimision del estado clerical en el caso de que el reo sea clerigo, la atentada ordenacion sagrada de una mujer, decreto emanado el 19 de diciembre de 2007 por la Congregacion para la Doctrina de la Fe (20).
In accordance with what is laid down by the canons, "one who throws away the consecrated species or takes them away or keeps them for a sacrilegious purpose, incurs a latae sententiae excommunication reserved to the Apostolic See; a cleric, moreover, may be punished by another penalty, not excluding dismissal from the clerical state.
Previous cases involving support of women priests have stated such action incurs a latae sententiae, or automatic excommunication.
2217 [seccion] 1 establecia que la pena latae sententiae era aquella aneja a la ley o al precepto en la que se incurre por el mismo hecho de haberse cometido el delito.
Excommunication is the ecclesiastical sanction imposed by the Church on abortionists: "A person who actually procures an abortion incurs a Latae sententiae excommunication" (canon 1398, Code of Canon Law).
For this, McBride was excommunicated latae sententiae, or automatically, Phoenix Bishop Thomas Olmsted said in May 2010.