fingerprint

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fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
For more information on NIST Evaluation of Latent Fingerprint Technologies: Extended Feature Sets, visit http://www.
Evaluating a new developer for latent fingerprints.
For more information, see Chemical Formulas and Processing Guide for Developing Latent Prints (Washington, DC: Latent Fingerprint Section, Laboratory Division, FBI, 1994).
The City of East Point, Georgia, is soliciting sealed bids from financially stable, qualified Providers who are interested in entering into a contract for the procurement, delivery, installation and configuration of one (1) Latent Fingerprint Workstation.
Their research has been published in IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security (Chugh T, Cao K, Zhou J, Tabassi E, Jain AK: Latent fingerprint value prediction: Crowd-based learning; 13:20; 2018).
DCES Professor of Organic Chemistry Prof Yousef Hijji and Professor of Biochemistry Lakshmaiah Sreerama gave lectures on"microwave assisted synthesis of aminopyridines Schiff bases and characterisation as selective cyandie colormetric sensor" and"Lawsone-Schiff-bases as novel reagents for visualisation of latent fingerprint and their enhancement with anions".
It is likely that eventually latent fingerprint examination will […] be automated," says Mnookin, "but the technology isn't yet adequate for that.
Here, an effective smoothing technique previously used succesfully in nanoscale imaging [2], is applied to gradually attenuate background detail in certain kinds of latent fingerprint enhancements discussed in [1].
EPD's forensic lab works on approximately 120 new cases per month, with its technicians handling tasks such as crime scene reconstruction, blood testing and latent fingerprint screening.
Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory (USACIL) has purchased the first beta ADROIT(TM) FC 300 latent fingerprint development system, based on technology developed by Linde Canada, Ltd.
Since then, the suspect detection (hit) rate on latent fingerprint inquiries has increased by more than 10 times the usual rate.
New Delhi, May 20 (ANI): As part of the ongoing effort to expand counter-terror partnership, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Indian Home Ministry today concluded a five-day seminar for 22 Indian law enforcement officials focusing on advanced latent fingerprint collection techniques-how to gather fingerprints left behind at crime scenes.