tort

(redirected from Law of tort)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia.

tort

n. French for wrong, a civil wrong, or wrongful act, whether intentional or accidental, from which injury occurs to another. Torts include all negligence cases as well as intentional wrongs which result in harm. Therefore tort law is one of the major areas of law (along with contract, real property and criminal law), and results in more civil litigation than any other category. Some intentional torts may also be crimes such as assault, battery, wrongful death, fraud, conversion (a euphemism for theft), and trespass on property and form the basis for a lawsuit for damages by the injured party. Defamation, including intentionally telling harmful untruths about another, either by print or broadcast (libel) or orally (slander), is a tort and used to be a crime as well. (See: negligence, damages, assault, battery, fraud, wrongful death, conversion, trespass, defamation, libel, slander)

tort

noun breach of legal duty, civil wrong, dereliccion of duty, error, fault, invasion of a legal right, legal wrong, malfeasance, misdeed, misdoing, misfeasance, negligent act, personal wrong, private wrong, transgression, violation of a legal duty, wrong, wrongdoing, wrongful act
Associated concepts: action founded in tort, comparative negligence, continuing tort, contributory negligence, foreeeeable consequences, intentional tort, prima facie tort, proximate cause, standard of care, strict liability in tort, successive torts, tort feasor, tortious act, tortious conduct
See also: delict, delinquency, misconduct

tort

a civil wrong. Tortious liability arises from the breach of a duty fixed by law; this duty is towards persons generally and its breach is redressable by an action for unliquidated damages. It is part of the English law of obligations along with contract and restitution. See also ANIMAL LIABILITY, CONVERSION, DUTY OF CARE, ECONOMIC LOSS, ECONOMIC TORTS, EMPLOYER'S LIABILITY, FAULT, NEGLIGENCE, NUISANCE, OCCUPIER'S LIABILITY, PRODUCT LIABILITY, STRICT LIABILITY, TRESPASS, TROVER.

TORT. An injury; a wrong; (q.v.) hence the expression an executor de son tort, of his own wrong. Co. Lit. 158.
     2. Torts may be committed with force, as trespasses, which may be an injury to the person, such as assault, battery, imprisonment; to the property in possession; or they may be committed without force. Torts of this nature are to the absolute or relative rights of persons, or to personal property in possession or reversion, or to real property, corporeal or encorporeal, in possession or reversion: these injuries may be either by nonfeasance, malfeasance, or misfeasance. 1 Chit. Pl. 133-4. Vide 1 Fonb. Eq. 4; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; and the article Injury.

References in periodicals archive ?
78) The phrase appears to have been William Prosser's: see Richard V Campbell, Book Review of Handbook of the Law of Torts by William Prosser, (1941) 26:1 Minn L Rev 137 at 138.
VON BAR, The Common European Law of Torts, Oxford, 1998, I, 375-376; J.
But after the Second World War a number of other emigres played an important role in changing the nature of private law scholarship, in particular the scholarship of the law of tort.
invoked the common law of tort to generate important prods and pleas.
27) Vicarious Liability in the Law of Torts (London: Butterworths, 1967) at 20 and 124.
Around fifty years ago, Vilhelm Lundstedt--a Swedish jurist who was a leading proponent of Scandinavian Legal Realism--in the course of a critique of American realist theories of the law of tort pointed out that Anglo-American writers rarely asked the question of why the state was at all involved in tort law.
hypothesis that the common law of torts is best explained as if the
When an innovator cannot reduce this liability by improving the quality of her innovation, the effect of the law of torts on the incentive to innovate is perverse.
See Arthur Ripstein, The Division of Responsibility and the Law of Tort, 72 FORDHAM L.
Noriko Kawawa, Comparative Studies on the Law of Tort Relating to Liability for Injury Caused by Information in Traditional and in Electronic Form: England and the United States, 12 ALBANY L.
Another difficult case arose in the context of the civil law, and, in particular, in relation to the civil law of tort (which has to do with civil wrongs) and to what has been called the parens patriae jurisdiction of the superior courts (which has to do with children).
t]here are policies at work in the law which can be identified and applied to novel problems, but the law of tort develops by reference to principles, which must be capable of general application, not discretionary decision-making in individual cases.