Laws of wisbuy

LAWS OF WISBUY, maritime law. A code of sea laws established by "the merchants and masters of the magnificent city of Wisbuy." This city was the ancient capital of Gothland, an island in the Baltic sea, anciently much celebrated for its commerce and wealth, now an obscure and inconsiderable place. Malyne, in his collection of sea laws, p. 44, says that the laws of Oleron were translated into Dutch by the people of Wisbuy for the use of the Dutch coast. By Dutch probably means German, and it cannot be denied that many of the provisions contained in the Laws of Wisbuy, are precisely the same as those which are found in the Laws of Oleron. The northern writers pretend however that they are more ancient than the Laws of Oleron, or than even the Consolato del Mare. Clairac treats this notion with contempt, and declares that at the time of the promulgation of the laws of Oleron, in 1266, which was many years after they were compiled, the magnificent city of Wisbuy had not yet acquired the denomination of a town. Be this as it may, these laws were for some ages, and indeed still remain, in great authority in the northern part of Europe. "Lex Rhodia navalis," says Grotius, "pro jure gentium, in illo mare Mediteraneo vigebat; sicut apud Gallium leges Oleronis, et apud omnes transrhenanos, leges Wisbuenses." Grotius de Jure bel. lib. 2, c. 3.
     A translation of these laws is to be found in 1 Pet. Adm. Dec. Appendix. See Code; Laws of Oleron.

References in periodicals archive ?
181) Throughout his text, Abbott regularly made reference to the Laws of Oleron, (182) the Laws of Wisbuy, (183) the Laws of the Hanse Towns, (184) and the 1681 Ordonnance de la Marine du Mois d'Aoust of Louis XIV.
The Laws of Wisbuy were referred to by Rothery as "the collection of laws, which obtained currency amongst the northern nations and those bordering on the Baltic" and, citing Pardessus, "date from the first half of the fourteenth century, when Wisbuy was in the height of its prosperity.
206) As Maude and Pollock state, the ancient rule of maritime law that freight pro rata was payable where the voyage was not completed due to no fault of the shipowners is referred to in the Laws of Oleron, (207) the Laws of Wisbuy, (208) the Consolato del Mare, (209) and the Laws of the Rhodians.
Lord Mansfield also examined the Consolato del Mare, the Laws of Oleron, the Laws of Hanse Towns, the Laws of Wisbuy, and the Ordonnance of Louis XIV.