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Related to Malformations: Congenital malformations
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To the Editor: Semicircular canal (SCC) malformation (dystrophy, coloboma, or enlargement) is a kind of inner ear anomaly.
2,3) Macrocystic lymphatic malformations are treated with sclerotherapy [usually absolute alcohol and/or sotradechol] whereas microcystic lymphatic malformations can be treated with Doxycycline and, on occasion, resection.
5% (N=6) of stillbirths with congenital malformations had low birth weight.
The researchers calculated rates of major congenital malformations in 1,402 pregnancies exposed to carbamazepine, 1,280 on 1amotrigine, 1,010 on valproic acid, and 217 on phenobarbital, and all showed that the frequency of birth defects increased along with the dose of the drug.
Treatment of venous malformations by direct injection with ethanol.
Anorectal malformations include a number of congenital defects and various types of urinary and/or sexual malformations.
Simply put, VMs fall into three broad categories: slow-flow malformations, which include lymphatic and venous malformations; high-flow arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and fistulas; and congenital mixed syndromes, which can include combinations thereof.
Cerebrovascular malformations of the brain are a heterogeneous group of disorders that represent morphogenetic errors affecting arteries, capillaries, veins, or various combinations of vessels (1).
The pathogenesis of congenital Chiari malformations remains the subject of debate.
21) Certainly, the Doppler characteristics of vascular malformations are helpful in differentiating low-from high-flow vascular malformations.
Angioarchitectural features associated with hemorrhagic presentation in pediatric cerebral arteriovenous malformations.