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Banishment to a foreign country, attended with confiscation of property and deprivation of Civil Rights.

The transfer of an alien, by exclusion or expulsion, from the United States to a foreign country. The removal or sending back of an alien to the country from which he or she came because his or her presence is deemed inconsistent with the public welfare, and without any punishment being imposed or contemplated. The grounds for deportation are set forth at 8 U.S.C.A. § 1251, and the procedures are provided for in §§ 1252–1254.

To further clarify deportation, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 121 S.Ct.2491, 150 L.Ed.2d 653 (2001), ruled that Aliens who are under investigation cannot be held indefinitely. This would be in violation of the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment of the federal Constitution. Moreover, the Court established a maximum six-month detention period. At that point the alien must provide information as to why removal to the country of origin is not likely in the foreseeable future. For example, in this case, Kestutis Zadvydas was born to Lithuanian parents who were held in a German displaced persons camp; both Lithuania and Germany refused to accept him into their countries because he was not a citizen. If the government cannot rebut this information, the alien must be released from confinement. Finally, the Court declared that the federal courts are the proper place to review issues of deportation, rejecting the government's claim that immigration is strictly the province of the Executive Branch.

Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States, Congress created the usa patriot act, Pub.L. No. 107-56, 115 Stat. 272 (2001). The law deals with various means of combating Terrorism and includes provisions that authorize the deportation of individuals who provide lawful assistance to any group that provides assistance to terrorists. Accused persons must convince the government that they did not know their contributions were being used for terrorist activities.

Further readings

Cole, David, Jack X. Dempsey, and Carol E. Goldberg. 2002. Terrorism and the Constitution: Sacrificing Civil Liberties in the Name of National Security. New York: New Press.

Ngai, Mae M. 2003. "The Strange Career of the Illegal Alien: Immigration Restriction and Deportation Policy in the United States. Law and History Review 21 (spring): 69–107.


n. the act of expelling a foreigner from a country, usually because he/she has a criminal record, committed a crime, lied on his/her entry documents, is in the country illegally, or his/her presence is deemed by Immigration and Naturalization Service, FederaI Bureau of Investigation or State Department officials to be against the best interests of the nation. Deportation is usually to the country of origin.


noun banishment, casting out, dismissal, displacement, driving out, ejection, elimination, eviction, exclusion, exile, exilement, expulsion, extradition, extrusion, forced departure, forced leave taking, ouster, purge, removal, riddance, senddng away, thrusting out
See also: banishment, exclusion, expulsion, extradition, ostracism, rejection, removal


the expulsion of a person not having a right of abode in the UK. Deportation from the UK may be ordered in five circumstances, namely:
  1. (1) if the person has overstayed or broken a condition attached to his permission to stay;
  2. (2) if another person to whose family he belongs is deported;
  3. (3) if (the person being 17 or over) a court recommends deportation on his conviction of an offence punishable with imprisonment;
  4. (4) if the Secretary of State thinks his deportation would be for the public good; or
  5. (5) obtaining leave to enter by deception.

A deportation order is an administrative requirement by the Secretary of State (or on the recommendation of a court) that the person to whom the order is addressed leave the UK and not return. It nullifies any leave the person had to enter or remain. The person is notified of the decision, the reasons and the place to which the person is to be deported. A right of appeal exists, and during the time that appeals are pending no deportation order may be executed.

DEPORTATION, civil law. Among the Romans a perpetual banishment, depriving the banished of his rights as a citizen; it differed from relegation (q.v.) and exile. (q.v.). 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 125 note; Inst. 1, 12, 1 and 2; Dig. 48, 22, 14, 1.

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