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See: matrimony
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2001) doubted that male Carolina Wrens could prevent females from engaging in extra-pair mating; however, this explanation does not preclude males from mate guarding during the relatively less intense nest-building and egg-laying phases.
Evolution of sexual size monomorphism: the influence of passive mate guarding.
Dawn singing in the Great Tit (Parus major): mate attraction, mate guarding, or territorial defence?
First, two mating pairs were together for over 60 hours (but < 72), presumably extensive mate guarding (Sivinski 1983; Brock 1999).
Variable mate guarding time and sperm allocation by male snow crabs (Chionoecetes opilio) in response to sexual competition, and their impact on the mating success of females.
In general, males have a strong desire for multiple EPC's, for frequent sexual intercourse, also for mate guarding and less interest and involvement in the raising of the young --particularly if they have less confidence in the true paternity of their offspring.
The former species is socially monogamous (Greenlaw and Post 1985, Hill and Post 2005), while the latter has a derived social system that bears some similarity to that of the Saltmarsh Sparrow, but differs in the species' practice of apparent male dominance access to females and mate guarding (Greenlaw and Rising 1994, Shriver et al.
The stress, they suggested, was probably because of the demands of fighting off challengers and guarding access to fertile females, while beta males, who fought less and had considerably less mate guarding to do, had much lower stress levels.
Moller (1991) reported that males may use song in a mate guarding context, however this does not appear to be the case in mockingbirds.
Mate guarding and aggression by the crab spider Misumena vatia in relation to female reproductive status and sex ratio.
Mate guarding, competition and variation in size in male orb-web spiders, Metellina segmentata: a field experiment.
The earliest mate guarding observed was 7 days before egg-laying.