McCarran Internal Security Act

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McCarran Internal Security Act

Legislation proposed by Senator Patrick Anthony McCarran and enacted by Congress in 1950 that subjected alleged members of designated Communist-action organizations to regulation by the federal government.

The McCarran Internal Security Act, also known as the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C.A. § 781 et seq.), was part of a legislative package that was designated as the Internal Security Act of 1950. Congress passed such statutes in response to the post-World War II Cold War during which many public officials perceived a threat of violent and forcible over-throw of the U.S. government by U.S. Communist groups that advocated this objective. Among other things, the legislation required members of the Communist party to register with the attorney general, and the named organizations had to provide certain information, such as lists of their members. It established the Subversive Activities Control Board to determine which individuals and organizations had to comply with the law and the procedures to be followed. Failure to satisfy the statutory requirements subjected the individual or organization to criminal prosecution and stiff fines.

Congress repealed the registration requirements of the law in 1968 as a result of a number of decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court that declared certain aspects of the law unconstitutional.

Cross-references

Communism.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lomax's near constant surveillance by anti-Communist officials, along with a personal fear of the McCarran Act (39-40), initiated his swift departure from the United States to Europe in 1950, where he settled for a while in London.
I stand corrected on the McCarran Act issue: Dad, apart from being a Communist leader, was also suspected of being a Soviet spy; that was the reason he was being investigated and had to flee.
He sketches debates over 'clear and present danger' in outlining the controversial McCarran Act, which strongly discriminated against members of the Communist Party during the Cold War.
He also said that his plays were "a credit to this nation" and would endure longer than the McCarran Act.
The McCarran Act established three requirements for the antitrust exemption to apply:
587, 598 ("[T]he McCarran Act was passed in reaction to [the South-Eastern Underwriters] litigation.
618 would amend the McCarran Act in such a way as to bring the FTC and the DOJ into direct regulation of unfair methods of competition, which is now the province of the states.
With sixteen "alien" companions, Jones was detained on Ellis Island under the infamous McCarran Act, passed by Congress over President Truman's veto in the summer of 1950.
Protests against the war have resulted in the activation of Title II of the 1950 McCarran Act, under which the president is authorized to round up and detain indefinitely, without trial, persons suspected of being or becoming a threat to national security.
In September 1950, four months into the Korean War, Congress passed the draconian Internal Security Act (ISA), known as the McCarran Act, after its sponsor, the Nevada Democratic Senator Pat McCarran, a son of immigrants who hated immigrants.
All of them were arrested because they are alleged to be members of a world-wide Communist organization which under the McCarran Act makes them eligible for deportation.