Medical jurisprudence


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE. That science which applies the principles and practice of the different branches of medicine to the elucidation of doubtful questions in courts of justice. By some authors, it is used in a more extensive sense and also comprehends Medical Police, or those medical precepts which may prove useful to the legislature or the magistracy. Some authors, instead of using the phrase medical jurisprudence, employ, to convey the same idea, those of legal medicine, forensic medicine, or, as the Germans have it, state medicine.
     2. The best American writers on this subject are Doctors T. R. Beck and J. B. Beck, Elements of Medical Jurisprudence; Doctor Thomas Cooper; Doctor James S. Stringham, who was the first individual to deliver a course of lectures on medical jurisprudence, in this country; Doctor Charles Caldwell. Among the British writers may be enumerated Doctor John Gordon Smith; Doctor Male; Doctor Paris and Mr. Fonblanque, who published a joint work; Mr. Chitty, and Dr. Ryan. The French writers are numerous; Briand, Biessy, Esquirol, Georget, Falret, Trebuchet, Mare, and others, have written treatises or published papers on this subject; the learned Fodere published a work entitled "Les Lois eclairees par les sciences physiques ou Traite de Medecine Legale et d'hygiene publique;" the "Annale d'hygiene et de Medecine Legale," is one of the most valued works on this subject. Among the Germans may be found Rose's Manual on Medico Legal Dissection; Metzger's Principles of Legal Medicine, and others. The reader is referred for a list of authors and their works on Medical Jurisprudence, to Dupin, Profession d'Avocat, tom. ii., p. 343, art. 1617 to 1636, bis. For a history of the rise and progress of Medical Jurisprudence, see Traill, Med. Jur. 13.

References in periodicals archive ?
A three-hour written exam followed in which seven or eight questions have to be answered from each of the following branches: surgery, anatomy, practice of medicine, pathology, physiology, obstetrics, medical jurisprudence and toxicology, material medical, chemistry and hygiene.
Palmisano, MD, JD, FACS, is a clinical professor of surgery and clinical professor of medical jurisprudence at Tulane University School of Medicine and an adjunct professor at The Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine.
The rise of Medical Jurisprudence in the nineteenth century is ignored, though it may have had more to do with the development of a psychological discipline than anything accomplished by Wundt and his studies of disjunctive reaction time.
In a mostly bulleted format, chapters cover legal procedure, medical jurisprudence, identification, DNA profiling, medicolegal autopsy, death and changes after death, the biophysics of injury, mechanical injury, and firearms and bomb blast, regional, and thermal injuries.

Full browser ?