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The medieval university city of Krakow, Poland's former capital, and Zakopane, Poland's highest city, amidst the spectacular Tatra Mountains.
6) Scholars working in the academic milieu of the medieval university combined the authority of Aristotelian discourse with that of learned medicine to construct the paradigmatic Christian and male body, which was both pure and perfect; against this perfect male body, they created its inverted "other," the un-Christian female body, which was impure, corrupt, and even poisonous.
He situates Ockham coherently in his intellectual and religious milieu, surveying the medieval university curriculum, Aristotle's logic, Christian theology, and the "poverty controversy" in the Franciscan order, centering his tale on the dramatic events of 1328 when, due to this controversy, William and his Franciscan confreres had to flee the papal court at Avignon.
The medieval university city of Krakow, for centuries Poland's capital and home town of Pope John Paul II, is combined with Zakopane, Poland's highest city, set amidst the spectacular Tatra Mountains.
He points to two developments that follow from this momentous transmission: "the formation of the medieval university, and the emergence of theologian-natural philosophers.
Minhinnick, who has edited Poetry Wales for more than a decade, is looking forward to touring Italy - from the American school in Turin, to the medieval university in Bologna, bookshops and radio stations and ending with a reading at a trattoria in Venice.
The Pope goes on to note that the mission of the two other faculties of the medieval university, those of philosophy and theology, was "studying mankind in his totality and thus keep alive responsiveness to truth".
This is in many ways effectively a book about Oxford, and for those who want a lively introduction to life in the medieval university generally, it provides excellent fare, offering well-informed insight into matters of curriculum, university life and customs, matriculation procedures, and the academic habitus through to the life of the magister.
He learned, as did most medieval university students, by way of making and memorizing glosses on set texts (in law, say) along the way absorbing and making his own the glosses of distinguished predecessors.
The terms pertaining to the medieval university require some clarification.
It's the kind of shite that Umberto Eco and his mates talk about over many bottles of red wine (never known a philosopher drink white) down at an architecturally-astounding medieval university somewhere in the depths of Europe.
Nor do we read a word about Bonaventure's critique of the medieval university and his own Franciscan-Neoplatonic-Aristotelian spirituality.