animal

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animal

noun animans, beast, beast of burden, beast of the field, brute, brute creation, created being, creature, pet, wild being
Associated concepts: animals of a base nature, domestic annmals, wild animal
Foreign phrases: Animalia fera, si facta sint mansueta et ex consuetudine eunt et redeunt, volant et revolant, ut cervi, cygni, etc., eo usque nostra sunt, et ita intelligunnur quamdium habuerunt animum revertendi.Wild aniials, if they are tamed, and are accustomed to leave and return, fly away and fly back, as stags, swans, etc., are connidered to belong to us so long as they have the intention of returning to us.

ANIMAL, property. A name given to every animated being endowed with the power of voluntary motion. In law, it signifies all animals except those of the him, in species.
     2. Animals are distinguished into such as are domitae, and such as are ferae naturae.
     3. It is laid down, that in tame or domestic animals, such as horse, swine, sheep, poultry, and the like, a man may have an absolute property, because they continue perpetually in his possession and occupation, and will not stray from his house and person unless by accident or fraudulent enticement, in either of which cases the owner does not lose his property. 2 Bl. Com. 390; 2 Mod. 319. 1.
     4. But in animals ferae naturae, a man can have no absolute property; they belong to him only while they continue in his keeping or actual possession; for if at any they regain their natural liberty, his property instantly ceases, unless they have animum revertendi, which is only to be known by their usual habit of returning. 2 Bl. Com. 396; 3 Binn. 546; Bro. Ab. Propertie, 37; Com. Dig. Biens, F; 7 Co. 17 b; 1 Ch. Pr. 87; Inst. 2, 1, 15. See also 3 Caines' Rep. 175; Coop. Justin. 457, 458; 7 Johns. Rep. 16; Bro. Ab. Detinue, 44.
     5. The owner of a mischievous animal, known to him to be so, is responsible, when he permits him to go at large, for the damages he may do. 2 Esp. Cas. 482; 4 Campb. 198; 1 Starkie's Cas. 285; 1 Holt, 617; 2 Str.1264; Lord Raym. 110; B. N. P. 77; 1 B. & A. 620; 2 C. M.& R. 496; 5 C.& P. 1; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 187. This principle agrees with the civil law. Domat, Lois Civ. liv. 2, t. 8, s. 2. And any person may justify the killing of such ferocious animals. 9 Johns. 233; 10. Johns. 365; 13 Johns. 312. The owner, of such an animal may be indicted for a common nuisance. 1 Russ. Ch. Cr. Law, 643; Burn's Just., Nuisance, 1.
     6. In Louisiana, the owner of an animal is answerable for the damage he may cause; but if the animal be lost, or has strayed more than a day, he may discharge himself from this responsibility, by abandoning him to the person who has sustained the injury; except where the master turns loose a dangerous or noxious animal; for then he must pay all the harm done, without being allowed to make the abandonment. Civ. Code, art. 2301. See Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Both the intestinal MLO and metazoan parasites were more prevalent at the deeper collection depths (chi square = 26.
27,28) As the ozone protection against UV-B developed after free oxygen was available (probably starting about 2,4 billion years ago), the very high resistance of amphibian embryos at early developmental stages to UV-B (unpublished data obtained in our laboratory) as well as other agents exerting oxidative stress (29,21,30) is also in line with the evoecotoxicological hypothesis that living organisms could be considered as biomarkers of both environment and life features during their evolutionary process and provide support to the construction that metazoan organisms existed in the ancient anoxic Earth.
The gene coding for the 18S rRNA contains sections that are highly conserved, and these provide informative characters for the assessment of relationships between distantly related taxa, such as metazoan relationships (Giribet & Wheeler 2001; Mallatt et al.
Is the first and only theory that uses epigenetic mechanisms and principles for explaining evolution of metazoans
Sexual dimorphism in diverse metazoans is regulated by a novel class of intertwined zinc fingers.
The chitinozoans, most likely representing a reproductive stage of yet unknown marine metazoans (Paris & Nolvak 1999), originated in the Early Ordovician.
Genetic analysis indicates that all metazoans have similar "toolboxes" of genes responsible for organizing cell aggregates.
These developmental patterns allow understanding of evolutionary divergences in metazoans and of the relationships among phyla.
All the well-known fossil groups are included, including microfossils and invertebrates, but an important feature is the thorough coverage of plants, vertebrates and trace fossils together with discussion of the origins of both life and the metazoans.
The results are expected to profoundly modify our current views of RNA silencing in plants, and perhaps in metazoans.
Predatory drillholes and partial mortality in Devonian colonial metazoans.
In another using SRXTM, they investigated the interior of 550-million-year-old embryos of early metazoans, examining 162 embryos which had anywhere from a few to nearly 1000 cells, another indication of the power of this technique (Hagadorn et al.