civil service

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Civil Service

The designation given to government employment for which a person qualifies on the basis of merit rather than political patronage or personal favor.

Civil service employees, often called civil servants or public employees, work in a variety of fields such as teaching, sanitation, health care, management, and administration for the federal, state, or local government. Legislatures establish basic prerequisites for employment such as compliance with minimal age and educational requirements and residency laws. Employees enjoy job security, promotion and educational opportunities, comprehensive medical insurance coverage, and Pension and other benefits often not provided in comparable positions in private employment.

Most civil service positions are filled from lists of applicants who are rated in descending order of their passing scores on competitive civil service examinations. Such examinations are written tests designed to measure objectively a person's aptitude to perform a job. They are open to the general public upon the completion and filing of the necessary forms. Promotional competitive examinations screen eligible employees for job advancement. Veterans of the Armed Services may be given hiring preference, usually in the form of extra points added to their examination scores, depending upon the nature and duration of their service. Applicants may also be required to pass a medical examination and more specialized tests that relate directly to the performance of a designated job. Once hired, an employee may have to take an oath to execute his job in Good Faith and in accordance with the law.

Unlike workers in private employment, civil service employees may be prohibited from certain acts that would compromise their position as servants of the government and the general public. For example, the federal Hatch Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 7324 et seq. [1887]) makes participation by federal, state, and local civil service employees in designated public electoral and political activities unlawful.

The U.S. Civil Service Commission, created by Congress in 1883 and reorganized under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C.A. § 1101 et seq.) as the Merit Systems Protection Board, established a merit system for federal employment and governs various aspects of such employment, such as job classification, tenure, pay, training, employee relations, equal opportunity, pensions, and health and life insurance. Most states have comparable bodies for the regulation of state and local civil service employment.

civil service

in the constitutional law of the UK, servants of the Crown who are permanent and do not change with a political change of government. There is no definition of a Crown servant. A subordinate who is employed by a civil servant is a servant of the Crown and not of the person employing him. Recruitment and examination, for many the insignia of a mature and independent civil service, have for over one hundred years been carried out by the Civil Service Commission, a body established not by statute but by order in council. Independence is supported by having pay decided by the Civil Service National Whitley Council. They may be precluded from being able to strike on grounds of national security. Civil servants have no special constitutional status separate from the minister they serve and have no right to reveal confidential information in the public interest, an issue discussed in relation to official secrets. There is a sliding scale of permission to take part in politics, the higher the official, the lesser the activity permitted.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a statement to SUNA, the Chairwoman of the National Civil Service Recruitment Commission, Awatif Ahmed Babiker, said that the recruited new doctors are 800 graduates at the faculties of medicine and 150 graduates at the faculties of dentistry.
The remaining two commissioners hail from sectors unrelated to the national civil service.
The total ban is part of a draft plan to reform the national civil servant system compiled by the government Thursday for inclusion in a bill for amending the National Civil Service Law to be submitted during the ongoing ordinary parliamentary session, the officials said.
It then went on to say that if the act of providing information violated the National Civil Service Law, which requires public servants to protect privileged information, it would constitute an exceptional case.
Nishiyama and a female Foreign Ministry official who leaked the documents to him were charged with violating the National Civil Service Law that bans public servants from leaking state secrets.
The measures were based on internal regulations that are not made public, except those for Kiyoshi Okazaki, consul general at the Shenyang consulate, based on the National Civil Service Law.
But he was arrested and indicted the following year on charges of violating the National Civil Service Law because he urged a female Foreign Ministry official to obtain the documents.
Under the National Civil Service Law, Mishima and Nishida have been suspended from work since their indictment and they will lose their jobs when the ruling is finalized.
The government plans to submit a substantial amendment to the National Civil Service Law to the Diet in fiscal 2003 with an eye to starting the new system in fiscal 2006 after introducing related legislation in fiscal 2005, the officials said.
The government also plans to submit related bills such as an amendment to the National Civil Service Law to the Diet as early as next year, the officials said.
The person began saying, 'Do you know about the national civil service law?

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