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It is a negative politeness strategy applied in correspondence with a person of superior social status (cf.
Negative politeness is basically a distancing strategy, showing the respect to a person's right to act freely.
Their positive and negative politeness strategies were designed to counteract face-threatening situations.
Scollon and Scollon (6) describe positive politeness as "strategies of involvement" or "solidarity politeness" and negative politeness as "strategies of independence" or "deference politeness.
The aim of this article is to assess the transfer of negative politeness in the translation from Spanish into English of the direct verbal interactions in Garcia Marquez's novel Cien Anos de Soledad ([1967] 1985) and its English language version translated by Gregory Rabassa (1970), the only known translation of the novel into English to date.
positive or negative politeness strategies, 3 carrying out the FTA in an off-record manner, 4 withholding the FTA (Brown and Levinson 1987).
By asking if it is possible, the requester is using negative politeness, that is, is giving the requestee the opportunity to refuse to comply, which will likely not happen given that negative politeness, in itself, is a technique to gain compliance (Tracy, Craig, Smith, & Spisak, 1984).
But we also note that tutors' negative politeness contributes to motivational scaffolding as tutors use it to demonstrate their willingness to make way for and their interest in students' decisions and contributions.
However, only 3 instances of negative politeness, of the apologising "do not impinge" type, have been found.
Negative Politeness strategy, which addresses Negative Face, concerns the assumption that the speaker is somehow imposing on the hearer although he acknowledges the hearer's want of face.
1) Walter Spitz uses Brown and Levinson's politeness strategies in an analysis of the conversational interaction of the grandmother and The Misfit in "A Good Man Is Hard to Find," in part as an examination of The Misfit's use of negative politeness to maintain socially isolated "distance from his interlocutor" (16).
The function of negative politeness devices is that of softening the commitment of the writer to the truth of the proposition being stated.