Non bis in idem


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NON BIS IN IDEM, civil law. This phrase signifies that no one shall be twice tried for the same offence; that is, that when a party accused has been once tried by a tribunal in the last resort, and either convicted or acquitted, he shall not again be tried. Code 9, 2, 9 & 11. Merl. Repert. h.t. Vide art. Jeopardy.

References in classic literature ?
I have been nearly mad; and you know the axiom, -- non bis in idem.
Alors, si l'on tient compte de ce fameux principe du [beaucoup moins que] Non bis in idem [beaucoup plus grand que], Sarkozy devrait-il encore passer devant le juge ?
A este fundamento anadio, en primer lugar y con citas jurisprudenciales de la Corte Suprema nacional y del propio Tribunal Superior de Justicia que "el principio non bis in idem, en lo que al caso interesa, prohibe la nueva aplicacion de pena por el mismo hecho pero no impide al legislador tomar en cuenta la anterior condena -entendida esta como un dato objetivo y formal-, a efectos de ajustar con mayor precision el tratamiento penitenciario que considere adecuado para aquellos supuestos en los que el individuo incurriese en una nueva infraccion criminal".
ON APPEAL FROM FINES IMPOSED FOR ENGAGING IN WORLDWIDE CARTEL IN GRAPHITE ELECTRODES IN VIOLATION OF EC COMPETITION LAWS, EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE HOLDS, INTER ALIA, THAT PRINCIPLE OF NON BIS IN IDEM DOES NOT REQUIRE EC TRIBUNALS TO FACTOR INTO THEIR FINES THOSE IMPOSED BY NON-MEMBER STATES FOR SAME ANTICOMPETITIVE CONDUCT WITHIN THEIR TERRITORIES
Appellant also relied on the time-honored principle of non bis in idem.
It should be noted, first of all, that the principle of non bis in idem, also enshrined in Article 4 of Protocol No 7 to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, [E.
As regards the scope of application of the principle of non bis in idem in situations in which the authorities of a non-member State have taken action pursuant to their power to impose penalties in the field of competition law applicable in that State, it should be borne in mind that the context of the cartel at issue is an international one, characterised in particular by actions of legal systems of non-member States [taken] within their respective territories.
The Court found that 'as clarified at the hearing, the appellants submit that there has been a breach of a corollary of the principle of non bis in idem in that the Court of First Instance held in paragraphs 85 to 104 of the judgment under appeal that the Commission was not required to compensate for or take account of the fines paid to other authorities which sanctioned the same conduct'.
In the international realm, the prohibition against multiple prosecutions for the same offense is cited as the maxim non bis in idem.
courts cite in choosing not to recognize non bis in idem as a binding principle of international law, but rather as a protection that may be provided only by treaty in cases of extradition.
courts have counteracted non bis in idem even in the presence of a treaty provision.
7) Despite some differences in application, at the foundation of both double jeopardy and non bis in idem are similar considerations of fairness, just treatment, and respect for an individual's dignity.