# hypothesis

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Related to Null hypothesis: Alternative hypothesis, Hypothesis testing, P value

## Hypothesis

An assumption or theory.

During a criminal trial, a hypothesis is a theory set forth by either the prosecution or the defense for the purpose of explaining the facts in evidence. It also serves to set up a ground for an inference of guilt or innocence, or a showing of the most probable motive for a criminal offense.

## hypothesis

noun assertion, assignment of cause, assumption, conclusion drawn from accepted truths, conjecture, deduction, guess, inference, postulate, postulation, speculation, suggestion, supposal, surmise, tentative explanation, tentative law, theory, thesis, unproved theory
See also: assumption, basis, belief, conclusion, conjecture, deduction, generalization, idea, inference, opinion, postulate, presumption, prolepsis, proposition, speculation, supposition, theory, thesis
References in periodicals archive ?
The proposed method in this study is not based on statistical null hypothesis testing and is independent of sample size.
Null hypothesis number three was; "There is no significant difference of morale of Education, Psychology, Mass Communication, Economics, International Relations, Management Sciences and Computer Sciences university teachers".
average over analyses of hypothetically many similar testing situations) fraction of local null hypothesis test rejections ("discoveries") for which the respective null hypotheses are actually true.
The presentation of a lot of asterisks along with the p value of probability or very small p values only highlights that, in this design, the null hypothesis is not very plausible, but from this, it cannot be inferred that the effect found is important (Gliner et al.
Section IV develops hypothesis test statistics that can identify systemic risk from stock returns using CoVaR and MES sample estimates under the null hypothesis that returns are Gaussian.
If the calculated p-value (attained level of significance) is larger than the chosen threshold level of significance, then the null hypothesis is chosen.
Our null hypothesis effectively becomes 'there is no true difference [greater than or equal to] 10 bpm between the groups'.
Some p-values even show strong evidence against the null hypothesis for they fall between 0.
In model (2), the maintained null hypothesis is that [delta] = 0 against the alternative hypothesis of [delta] < 0.
It is also worth noting that even though the error-correction term has been incorporated in all the causality equations, only the equations where the null hypothesis of no cointegration is rejected will be estimated with an error-correction term (see also Narayan and Smyth, 2006; Morley, 2006; Odhiambo, 2009a).

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