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noun appointment, assigned task, berth, billet, bureau, business, capacity, charge, duty, employment, function, incumbency, job, munus, occupation, officium, partes, place of business, place of employment, position, post, profession, role, service, situation, station, trade, trust, work, work place
Associated concepts: impeachment from public office, malfeasance in office, misconduct in office, misfeasance in office, neglect of duty, nonfeasance in office, removal from office, vacancy in office
Foreign phrases: Officium nemini debet esse damnosum.An office ought to be injurious to no one. Nemo duobus utatur officiis. No one should hold two offices at the same time. Officia judicialia non concedantur antequam vaaent. Judicial offices are not to be granted or appointed beeore they become vacant.
See also: agency, appointment, bureau, business, calling, career, chamber, chapter, commission, duty, employment, firm, function, mission, obligation, occupation, organ, position, post, profession, province, pursuit, sphere, title, trade, work

OFFICE. An office is a right to exercise a public function or employment, and to take the fees and emoluments belonging to it,. Shelf. on Mortm. 797; Cruise, Dig. Index, h.t.; 3 Serg. & R. 149.
     2. Offices may be classed into civil and military.
     3.-1. Civil offices may be classed into political, judicial, and ministerial.
     4.-1. The political offices are such as are not connected immediately with the administration of justice, or the execution of the mandates of a superior officer; the office of the president of the United States, of the heads of departments, of the members of the legislature, are of this number.
     5.-2. The judicial offices are those which relate to the administration of justice, and which must be exercised by persons of sufficient skill and experience in the duties which appertain to them.
     6.-3. Ministerial offices are those which give the officer no power to judge of the matter to be done, and require him to obey the mandates of a superior. 7 Mass. 280. See 5 Wend. 170; 10 Wend. 514; 8 Vern. 512; Breese, 280. It is a general rule, that a judicial office cannot be exercised by deputy, while a ministerial may.
     7. In the United, States, the tenure of office never extends beyond good behaviour. In England, offices are public or private. The former affect the people generally, the latter are such as concern particular districts, belonging to private individuals. In the United States, all offices, according to the above definition, are public; but in another sense, employments of a private nature are also called offices; for example, the office of president of a bank, the office of director of a corporation. For the incompatibility of office, see Incompatibility; 4 S. & R. 277; 4 Inst. 100; Com. Dig. h.t., B. 7; and vide, generally, 3 Kent, Com. 362; Cruise, Dig. tit. 25; Ham. N. P. 283; 16 Vin. Ab. 101; Ayliffe's Parerg. 395; Poth. Traite des Choses, Sec. 2; Amer. Dig. h.t.; 17 S. & R. 219.
     8.-2. Military offices consist of such as are granted to soldiers or naval officers.
     9. The room in which the business of an officer is transacted is also called an office, as the land office. Vide Officer.

OFFICE, INQUEST OF. An examination into a matter by an officer in virtue of his office. Vide Inquisition.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the open-plan office case, only horizontal planes at heights of 0.
The rear basement offers a large open-plan office area that would make an ideal boardroom/ breakout facility.
Denbighshire councillors have been told that the open-plan office will have to be converted at an extra cost.
Open-plan offices were introduced in the 1950s to improve communication between colleagues.
That's the advice from recruitment consultancy Office Angels, who say that even with open-plan offices, size matters.
But the even, undifferentiated light that comes down from the ceiling of the open-plan office in which I am editing this leader, and in which so many of us have to work all the time is a hangover of Modernism, with its inheritance of some of the fiercer aspects of the Industrial Revolution, and its belief in universal standardized solutions to all humanity's needs.
Within Cuthbert House there is some open-plan office space too.
The headquarters of Cellular Operations, Swindon, UK, designed in 2000 by Richard Hywel Evans, is a 9m high glass vault which curves like a ribcage over two floors of open-plan office space and tapers at one end to a bull-nose.
Carefully considered lighting fixed to the contraption ensures that the place has a special intensity, quite different from the normative level of cool grey luminance provided by the usual open-plan office.
They could not care less about 'making places for people on the gritty windswept plains' (p31) of the modern open-plan office or factory.
The open-plan office accommodation at 4 The Cobalt Centre includes toilet facilities and a kitchen with sink, fridge and microwave oven, as well as two car parking spaces.
The modern open-plan office is intended to crush individuality, to make everyone approximate to the lowest common denominator.