The participants having upper and lower fixed orthodontic appliance
formed the study group.
To further improve plaque control measures, the orthodontic appliances
were removed at this
Different brushing techniques have been advised by orthodontists to maintain oral hygiene, whereas soft brushes advised by some orthodontists lead to plaque deposition around orthodontic appliances
In this experiment an orthodontic appliance
made up of Ni-Ti close coil spring was used which delivered continuous optimal force to move the molar tooth mesially.
Pain control during fixed orthodontic appliance
Key words: matrix metalloproteinase-8, tissue inhibitor metalloproteinase-1, gene expression, removable orthodontic appliance
Teeth are moved from one place to another in the jaw by orthodontic appliances
In this study the periodontal status before, during and after the placement of fixed orthodontic appliances
was evaluated in the patients who were selected for orthodontic treatment.
prevent irregularities of the teeth with the use of braces.
Extraoral orthodontic appliances
such as the outer bows of headgears contain nickel and may also elicit a response on the skin.
Examples of orthodontic appliances
are used to demonstrated biomechanical principles; the effect is that the book reads like an orthodontic text and not a physics treatise.
The OrthoDesk 3D Printer is equipped to produce stone models, orthodontic appliances
, delivery and positioning trays, retainers and surgical guides.