passive

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Related to Passive matrix: Active matrix

passive

adj. referring to being inactive. A "passive trustee" is one who has no responsibilities other than to hold title or wait for an event which would activate the trust. "Passive income" for tax purposes includes any income in which there is no effort or active management, and is treated differently for some purposes, such as social security income limitations. It may include stock dividends, trust profits, rents with no management involvement, and interest on bank accounts.

passive

adjective acquiescent, amenable, apathetic, calm, compliable, compliant, complying, concessive, docile, dormant, duteous, dutiful, enduring, feeble, flexible, forbearant, heedless, indifferent, indolent, irresolute, lamblike, languorous, malleable, nonresisting, obedient, obeisant, obsequious, otiose, phlegmatic, pliable, pliant, quiescent, receptive, recumbent, resigned, resistless, restrained, sequacious, servile, subject, submissive, subordinate, subservient, supine, supple, tame, tractable, unassertive, undemonstrative, unopposing, unresistant, unresisting, yielding
Associated concepts: passive negligence, passive tortfeasor
See also: dormant, indolent, insensible, languid, lifeless, obedient, otiose, patient, phlegmatic, pliant, resigned, sequacious, servile, stagnant, static, stoical, torpid, unobtrusive, yielding

PASSIVE, com. law. All the sums of which one is a debtor. It is used in contradistinction to active. (q.v.) By active debts are understood those which may be employed in furnishing assets to a merchant to pay those which he owes, which are called passive debts.

References in periodicals archive ?
Restricting ourselves to the 23 verbs for which the total number of attested infinitival complements exceeds one hundred (Table 2), there are even five verbs that more often have an active than a passive matrix.
Mair (1990: 178) has already dismissed the explanation offered by Bolinger (1977: 129) that "[t]hese verbs express opinions and viewpoints concerning which the speaker, when he wants to sound impressive, would rather shift responsibility to some unnamed--and hence remote and powerful agent," which passive matrix verbs allow them to do, saying that "to trace back the emergence and spread of a grammatical construction solely to the speaker's psychological stance does seem far-fetched.
Mair himself suggests that "the higher frequency of passive matrix verbs is mainly due to the fact that, unlike their active analogues, such passive constructions are a useful means of redistributing sentence information" (1990: 180); that is, passive matrices allow one to move the subject of the complement clause to sentence-initial position, the unmarked position for information that is contextually "given" (as argued in Bolinger 1952; Chafe 1976, 1987; Firbas 1967, 1992; Givon 1983; Halliday 1967, 1985: chapter 3; Kuno 1972; Prince 1981), whereas
In (13a), with a passive matrix plus infinitive, the pronoun referring to Ian Spiro is in sentence-initial position; in both (13b) and (13c), with a finite complement and an active matrix plus infinitive respectively, it follows the matrix verb.
Dialog Semiconductor's Manoj Thanigasalam, VP & GM of Dialog's displays system business unit says, 'We are delighted that TDK will demonstrate W-QVGA panels using Dialog's first SmartXtend(TM) based driver IC at the FPD show, which clearly proves the quality and advantages which our SmartXtend(TM) technology brings to passive matrix OLED displays.
Passive matrix OLED technology is established in the market for lower resolution displays.
These features reduce peak current by up to 30 percent and power consumption by up to 30 percent compared to conventional passive matrix driving schemes, significantly extending the lifetime of passive matrix OLED displays.
KIRCHHEIM/TECK, Germany -- Dialog Semiconductor Plc (FWB: DLG), a leading developer of mixed signal semiconductor solutions for wireless, automotive and industrial applications, has announced its new SmartXtend(TM) technology that will allow the main displays of many mobile devices - particularly those offering W-QVGA and QVGA resolution - to utilize passive matrix OLED displays rather than LCD or active matrix OLEDs.
The new SmartXtend(TM) technology, which utilizes a number of innovative design techniques including a unique multi-line addressing scheme, accurate dynamic current matching and state-of-the-art power management, will form the basis of a new family of display drivers to be developed by Dialog Semiconductor for passive matrix OLEDs.
Manoj Thanigasalam, general manager of Dialog's displays system business unit, said, 'As OLEDs increasingly replace active or passive matrix LCD displays, we believe SmartXtend(TM) allows Dialog to develop a roadmap of products that give mobile device manufacturers an alternative to the current trend of using active matrix OLEDS in the primary display.
Since the end of 2003, OSRAM Opto Semiconductors has been manufacturing and marketing passive matrix displays based on OLEDs under the brand name of Pictiva(TM).
Rudiger Muller, CEO at OSRAM Opto Semiconductors, commented: "We have decided for strategic reasons to withdraw from the passive matrix display business and close our production line in Penang.