peer review

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peer review

n. an examination and evaluation of the performance of a professional or technician by a board or committee made up of people in the same occupation. This may arise in determining whether a person has been legitimately discharged, denied promotion or penalized by an employer, or is found to have failed to meet minimum standards of performance and is thus liable in a lawsuit claiming damages due to negligence.

References in periodicals archive ?
New Practices and Policies for Improved Peer-Review
One example of a federal court resolving the issue is a 2009 case from the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island, in which the court held that the state's peer-review statute should apply and the peer-review information a plaintiff requested from a hospital was privileged because the information did not support her federal law claim.
Despite these expressions of support, many of the authors and editors surveyed recognized that the peer-review system could be improved.
This is why the peer-review reform speculations remain at the level of untested chatter and confident conjecture, similar to the way that beliefs in the paranormal do: because they are never actually tested against the exigencies of reality.
Praised by the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future, the Toledo Plan is one of the best-known peer-review programs in the country.
With Debate, Helium has successfully applied peer-review rating to how "pro versus con" occurs online, everyday.
However, before beginning the peer-review process of your manuscript, you will be asked to review the converted document for accuracy.
In January, Cochrane published "Editorial Peer-Review for Improving the Quality of Reports of Biomedical Studies.
Develop systems for peer-review appeals, particularly for grant submissions.
We feel that reviewers benefit from seeing the evaluations of others and that the process of sharing reviewers' comments leads to a continual overall improvement in the peer-review process itself.
In Chubin's view, the petition prodded NSF officials "to exposed parts of their system that have never been exposed before" and "helped move NSE to recognize that they could not run a peer-review system on a collegial basis -- saying, 'Trust us.
The web site even enables those who write to act as armchair critics, reviewing the work of others, ensuring quality by leveraging the power of peer-review.