hard labour

(redirected from Penal labour)
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Related to Penal labour: hard labor

hard labour

the penalty of compulsory physical labour imposed in addition to a sentence of imprisonment: abolished in England in 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
The removal of a productive penal labour regime threw the prison system into crisis, she argues, as it "destroyed the linchpin of everyday prison discipline"(5) and deeply eroded the fiscal basis of punishment.
Focusing primarily on New York state, often in the vanguard of prison development and reform, McLennan offers a detailed reconstruction of three successive eras of penal labour management hard public labour; penitential, solitary labour; and finally congregate contract labour under factory-like conditions.
The 200-page report describes different kinds of detention facilities, including penal labour colonies, enclosed behind barbed wires and electrified fences, mainly in the north and north central mountains of the country.