section] [section] 1589 (forced labor), 1590 (trafficking with respect to peonage
, slavery, involuntary servitude, or forced labor), or 1591 (sex trafficking of children or by force, fraud, or coercion).
21) TVPA 2000, section 103 (8): "(a) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age; or (b) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage
, debt bondage, or slavery.
Rather than setting fire to existing social relations, the horses' passage knocks the men back in the ditch of debt peonage
The total outstanding amount of non-dischargeable student-loan debt has crossed the trillion-dollar mark, now surpassing the combined total of credit-card and auto-loan debt--and with a quarter of all student-loan payers now delinquent, there are worrisome indicators that much of it will remain a permanent burden, reducing many millions to long-term debt peonage
Yes, let us return again to those thrilling days of yesteryear, those glorious days of unregulated monopoly capitalism, peonage
, share-cropping, child labor, 60-hour work weeks and a simple work-until-you-die retirement plan, when all workers had the same health plan (none).
vulnerable to peonage
, discrimination, and disfranchisement.
While Clements documents real gains for women since the 1960s, current conditions have fostered a state of widespread debt peonage
for both female and male students, producing increasing disillusionment and a "generalized condition of precarity," in Anana Roy's words (180).
For still others, it was an image of a feudal order that had been overthrown by the War and destroyed by Reconstruction and peonage
The TVPA defines a severe form of human trafficking as either "sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age," or "the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude peonage
, debt bondage, or slavery.
Pio Nono stubbornly demanded the return of Rome and the ancient plantation belt, unfazed about the bleak peonage
on which the lost kingdom had rested.
, Slavery, and Trafficking in Persons, 18 USCS [section] 1590 (2009).
He followed reports of beheadings, forced cannibalism, and gang rape; collected photographic evidence of flogged children and painful confinement in stocks; and gathered affidavits from Barbadian workers held against their will in debt peonage