Poison

(redirected from Poison control center)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Poison

Any substance dangerous to living organisms that if applied internally or externally, destroy the action of vital functions or prevent the Continuance of life.

Economic poisons are those substances that are used to control insects, weeds, fungi, bacteria, rodents, predatory animals, or other pests. Economic poisons are useful to society but are still dangerous.

The way a poison is controlled depends on its potential for harm, its usefulness, and the reasons for its use. The law has a right and a duty pursuant to the Police Power of a state to control substances that can do great harm.

In the past, an individual who was harmed by a poison that had been handled in a careless manner could institute a lawsuit for damages against the person who had mishandled the chemical. As time went on, state statutes prescribed the circumstances under which someone was legally liable for injuries caused by a poison. For example, a sale to anyone under sixteen years of age was unlawful, and a seller was required to ensure that the buyer understood that the chemical was poisonous. It was not unusual for all poisons, drugs, and narcotics to be covered by the same statutory scheme.

Specialized statutes currently regulate poisons. Pesticides must be registered with the federal government, and those denied registration cannot be used. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a number of regulations governing the use of approved pesticides. Federal law also prohibits unauthorized adulteration of any product with a poisonous substance and requires clear labeling for anything sold with a poisonous ingredient. It might not be sufficient to list all the chemicals in a container or even to put the word POISON on the label. The manufacturer should also warn of the injuries that are likely to occur and the conditions under which the poison will cause harm. Stricter standards are applied to household products than to poisonous products intended to be used in a factory, on a farm, or by a specially trained person. Poisonous food products are banned. Under other federal regulations, pesticide residues on foods are prohibited above certain low tolerance levels.

Certain provisions under federal law seek to protect children from poisoning. Special packaging is required for some household products so that a child will not mistake them for food or will not be able to open containers. Federal funds are available for local programs to reduce or eliminate the danger of poisoning from lead-based paint. Under the Hazardous Substances Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 1261 et seq.), toys containing poisonous substances can be banned or subjected to recall.

See: contaminate, degenerate, infect, pervert, pollute, taint, virulent, vitiate

POISON, crim. law. Those substances which, when applied to the organs of the body, are capable of altering or destroying, in a majority of cases, some or all of the functions necessary to life, are called poisons. 3 Fodere, Traite de Med. Leg. 449; Guy, Med. Jur. 520.
     2. When administered with a felonious intent of committing, murder, if. death ensues, it is murder the most detestable, because it can of all others, be least prevented by manhood or forethought. It is a deliberate act necessarily implying malice. 1 Russ. Cr. 429. For the signs which indicate poisoning, vide 2 Beck's Med. Jurisp. ch. 16, p. 236, et seq.; Cooper's Med. Jurisp. 47; Ryan's Med. Jurisp. ch. 15, p. 202, et seq.; Traill, Med. Jur. 109.

References in periodicals archive ?
For more information, contact the American Association of Poison Control Centers at 800-222-1222.
Download any Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers from 1983-2009 free of charge at: http:/Avvvw.
Synthetic cannabinoids have been linked to more than 1,600 calls to poison control centers in the first four months of this year, according to the American Association of Poison Control Centers.
The relationship between the Poison Control Center and the College of Nursing has been ongoing for several years now and the experience has fostered a better understanding of what poison control centers offer.
Pharmacy prescription dispensing errors reported to a regional poison control center.
The American Association of Poison Control Centers recommends calling your local poison control center to get emergency phone number stickers and to ask what emergency products the staff recommends to keep on hand.
According to the Oregon Poison Control Center, ingestion of toxic plants is one of the most common forms of poisoning among young children.
To highlight some of the author's relevant experience, Trestrail has served as the managing director at a certified regional poison control center for over 20 years in addition to his work as an expert consultant in many criminal poisoning investigations.
The woman survived, but the Poison Control Center confirmed that the pellets were a warfarin preparation that could have been fatal if swallowed or absorbed through the skin.
The portal is designed for everyone from parents looking for the nearest poison control center to farmers looking for a lab where they can have feed samples tested.
based safety advocacy group, as well as the Florida Poison Control Center and the Sierra Club.
Robert Hoffman, director of the New York City Poison Control Center.