prejudice

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Prejudice

A forejudgment; bias; partiality; preconceived opinion. A leaning toward one side of a cause for some reason other than a conviction of its justice.

A juror can be disqualified from a case for being prejudiced, if his or her views on a subject or attitude toward a party will unduly influence the final decision.

When a lawsuit is dismissed Without Prejudice, it signifies that none of the rights or privileges of the individual involved are considered to be lost or waived. The same holds true when an admission is made or when a motion is denied with the designation without prejudice.

A dismissal without prejudice permits a new lawsuit to be brought on the same grounds because no decision has been reached about the controversy on its merits. The whole subject in litigation is as much open to a subsequent suit as if no suit had ever been brought. The purpose and effect of the words without prejudice in a judgment, order, or decree dismissing a suit are to prohibit the defendant from using the defense of Res Judicata in any later action by the same plaintiff on the subject matter. A dismissal with prejudice, however, is a bar to relitigation of the subject matter.

A decision resulting in prejudicial error substantially affects an appellant's legal rights and is often the ground for a reversal of the judgment and for the granting of a new trial.

prejudice

(Injury), noun damage, detriment, disadvantage, harm, hurt, impairment, injustice, irreversible damage, loss, unfairness, wrong
Associated concepts: absence of prejudice, dismissal with prejudice, dismissal without prejudice, prejudice to a party's rights, prejudicial error

prejudice

(Preconception), noun bent, bias, favoritism, forejudgment, inclination, intolerance, leaning, narrow-mindedness, one-sidedness, opinio praeiudicata, partiality, partisanship, personal bias, preconneived idea, preconceived notion, preconception, predilection, predisposition, preference, prepossession, provincialism, slant, subjectivity, unreasonable bias
Associated concepts: disqualification for bias

prejudice

(Influence), verb affect, bear upon, bend to one's will, bias, bring pressure to bear, carry weight, color, convince, distort, exercise influence over, exercise influunce upon, exert influence, gain over, give an inclination, have influence over, have influence upon, influence against, jaundice, persuade, predetermine, predispose, prejudge, prepossess unfavorably, present with bias, prevail over, slant, sway, turn, twist, warp, win over
Associated concepts: prejudice the trier of fact

prejudice

(Injure), verb affect detrimentally, cause damage to, cause detriment, cause pain, damage, demolish, destroy, devastate, disadvantage, disservice, exacerbate, harm, hurt, impair, inflict injury, maim, mar, play havoc with, ravage, ruin, spoil, taint, weaken, wound, wreck, wrong
Associated concepts: prejudicial error
See also: bias, choice, damage, detriment, disadvantage, discrimination, drawback, exclusion, favor, favoritism, foregone conclusion, hatred, inclination, inequality, inequity, influence, injury, injustice, intolerance, ostracism, partiality, penchant, preconception, predetermination, predilection, predisposition, preference, proclivity, segregation, slant, tendency

PREJUDICE. To decide beforehand; to lean in favor of one side of a cause for some reason or other than its justice.
     2. A judge ought to be without prejudice, and he cannot therefore sit in a case where he has any interest, or when a near relation is a part, or where he has been of counsel for one of the parties. Vide Judge.
     3. In the civil law prejudice signifies a tort or injury; as the act of one man should never prejudice another. Dig. 60, 17, 74.